Bruce A. Cohen

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This study examined the temporal trends in the incidence rates of HIV dementia, cryptococcal meningitis, toxoplasmosis, progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy, and CNS lymphoma from January 1990 to December 1998 in the Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study. The incidence rates for HIV dementia, cryptococcal meningitis, and lymphoma decreased following the(More)
The objective of this study was to describe the occurrence of HIV dementia and neuropsychological testing abnormalities in a new cohort of HIV-seropositive individuals at high risk for HIV dementia and to compare these results to a cohort before the advent of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). HAART has been associated with improvements in(More)
We determined incidence and future projections of dementia after AIDS onset in 492 homosexual men with AIDS in the Baltimore/Los Angeles sites of the Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study, 64 of whom developed dementia. We studied various risk factors for dementia, including demographic and clinical features, medical history, markers of immune status before AIDS,(More)
Hypoxic stress induces the expression of genes associated with increased energy flux, including the glucose transporters Glut1 and Glut3, several glycolytic enzymes, nitric oxide synthase, tyrosine hydroxylase, erythropoietin and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). Induction of these genes is mediated by a common basic helix-loop-helix-PAS(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate whether baseline levels of plasma and CSF HIV RNA, tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha), monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2), or macrophage colony stimulating factor (M-CSF) are predictors of incident HIV-associated dementia (HIVD) in a cohort with advanced HIV infection. METHODS A total(More)
We describe a universal ligand-binding receptor for human interferons alpha and interferon beta (type I IFNs). A soluble 40 kDa IFN-alpha/beta receptor (p40) that blocks the activity of type I IFNs was purified from urine and sequenced. Antibodies raised against p40 completely block the activity of several type I IFNs and immuno-precipitate both a cellular(More)
The complexity and cost of injection treatment can represent a formidable challenge for patients affected by a chronic illness, particularly those whose treatment is primarily preventative and only modestly effective on the more conspicuous symptomatic aspects of the disease process. The aim of this investigation was to identify which factors most(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the predictive value of plasma HIV RNA and CD4 lymphocytes for HIV-associated dementia and sensory neuropathy. METHODS A total of 1,604 AIDS-free HIV seropositive men from the Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study were followed over a 10-year period (1985 to 1995). HIV-associated dementia and sensory neuropathy were diagnosed according to(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the safety and efficacy of recombinant human nerve growth factor (rhNGF) in HIV-associated sensory neuropathy (SN) within a multicenter, placebo-controlled, randomized trial (ACTG 291). BACKGROUND SN affects 30% of individuals with AIDS, is worsened by neurotoxic antiretrovirals, and its treatment is often ineffective. NGF is trophic(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between cognitive performance, risk factors for cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease (CVD), and HIV infection in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy. METHODS We evaluated the cognitive functions of men enrolled in the cardiovascular disease substudy of the Multicenter(More)