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PURPOSE To test the hypothesis that in experimental retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), retinal neovascularization (NV) and vessel tortuosity have distinct spatial and temporal links with receptor and postreceptor ion demand. METHODS Newborn rats were raised in either room air (controls) or variable oxygen (50%/10% [50/10]). After 14 days, 50/10 rats were(More)
Cortical responses to visual stimulation have been studied extensively in the rodent, but often require post-stimulation ex vivo examination of the tissue. Here, we test the hypothesis that visual stimulus-dependent cortical activity from awake and free-moving rats can be encoded following systemically administered MnCl(2), and activity subsequently readout(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of acute ischemia and reperfusion on blood-retinal barrier (BRB) function in the rabbit eye. Hydrostatic pressure (140 mmHg) was used to create total retinal ischemia for intervals of 20, 40, 60, 80 or 100 min in the rabbit eye. The location, size and permeability-surface-area product normalized to the(More)
Previous studies have relied on various electrodes or probes to monitor preretinal oxygen tension in an effort to gain insight into retinal oxygenation. In order to corroborate and extend the results of such studies, we developed a relatively non-invasive method of determining preretinal oxygen tension using 19F nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR)(More)
The retinal oxygenation response to a hyperoxic challenge measured using MRI appears to be an early and accurate marker of retinopathy risk in experimental models, with promising clinical potential. However, the application of this technique in humans is limited by blinking artifacts that can confound detection of subtle signal intensity changes. We asked(More)
PURPOSE To test the hypothesis that high-resolution (23.4 microm intraretinal resolution) manganese-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MEMRI) can be used to noninvasively and simultaneously record from distinct layers of the rat retina cellular demand for ions associated with functional adaptation. METHODS In control rats, high-resolution images were(More)
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS Diabetes results in the upregulation of the production of several components of the inflammatory response in the retina, including inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS). The aim of this study was to investigate the role of iNOS in the pathogenesis of the early stages of diabetic retinopathy using iNOS-deficient mice (iNos (-/-)). (More)
PURPOSE To test the hypothesis that breathing carbogen (95% O2-5% CO2) oxygenates the inner retina better than breathing 100% oxygen using an magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) method that noninvasively measures inner retinal oxygenation in normal adult and newborn rats. METHODS Urethane-anesthetized adult and newborn (day 18) rats were studied. Sequential(More)
PURPOSE To test the hypothesis that dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) provides a useful in vivo measure of passive blood retinal barrier permeability surface area product (BRB PS) in experimental diabetic retinopathy. METHODS BRB PS (cm(3)/min) was measured using DCE-MRI and Gd-DTPA (MW 590 Da) in urethane-anesthetized control(More)
MRI has recently been used for noninvasive examination of retinal structure and function in rats and cats. However, the advantages of quantitative high-resolution MRI of retina from mice have not yet been explored. In the present study, T(1) and T(2) relaxation time constants and the directional apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) in the retina of C57/BL6(More)