Brooke Van Horn

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A novel approach is presented for the controlled intramolecular collapse of linear polymer chains to give well-defined single-molecule nanoparticles whose structure is directly related to the original linear polymer. By employing a combination of living free radical polymerization and benzocyclobutene (BCB) chemistry, nanoparticles can be routinely prepared(More)
Nanoparticles have been shown to influence mechanical properties; however, transport properties such as viscosity have not been adequately studied. This might be due to the common observation that particle addition to liquids produces an increase in viscosity, even in polymeric liquids, as predicted by Einstein nearly a century ago. But confinement and(More)
The effect of nanoscopic, shape persistent polystyrene (PS) nanoparticles on the rheological properties of linear PS is studied and a dramatic viscosity reduction is observed. This is an ideal blend which simplifies enthalpic interactions between the components and can be used to delineate the effect of particle size on the properties of the blends.(More)
We describe a patient whose presentation of ICD generator failure was excruciating shoulder pain lasting 3 hours. This painful episode prompted evaluation and subsequent generator replacement. Destructive analysis of the explanted device revealed a short circuit of three battery filter capacitors, which resulted in the battery "dumping" its full energy very(More)
A recent approach taken to create organic nanoparticles involves the self-crosslinking of a single polymer chain. This process is highly dependent on the latent crosslinking chemistry and density, as well as the polymer type, functionality, and architecture. In order to more accurately study the affects of the shape and size of specific nanoparticles, a(More)
We show it is possible to assemble nanoparticle-polymer layers in a controllable manner dictated by the difference in nano-object morphology and dielectric properties. A thin (10-100 nm) layer of the two components is spin coated onto a solid substrate and the system thermally aged to activate a cross-linking process between polymer molecules. The(More)
The conformation of cross-linked, monomolecular, polystyrene nanoparticles on a solid substrate is considered as a function of cross-linking degree and substrate surface free energy. It is found that an extreme amount of cross-linking is necessary for the ca. 5-10 nm diameter nanoparticles to retain their original spherical shape, regardless of surface free(More)
We assessed functional literacy of hypercholesterolemic or hypertensive African Americans (n = 339) prior to their participation in a nutrition education program. A word pronunciation and recognition test using 20 common cardiovascular or nutrition terms was first developed based on correlations with standardized reading achievement test scores, then(More)
When biodegradable polyester devices, like sutures and screws, are implanted into the body, it is very challenging to image them in deep tissue, monitor their degradation, and detect defects. We report our recent findings on non-invasive deep tissue imaging of polyester degradation, stability and integrity using an iodinated-polycaprolactone (i-P(CLcoOPD))(More)
The control of dewetting for thin polymer films is a technical challenge and of significant academic interest. We have used polystyrene nanoparticles to inhibit dewetting of high molecular weight, linear polystyrene, demonstrating that molecular architecture has a unique effect on surface properties. Neutron reflectivity measurements were used to(More)