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CRD summary This review evaluated the efficacy of electrical stimulation in children with cerebral palsy. The authors concluded that the evidence is insufficient to provide conclusive evidence for or against the use of neuromuscular electrical stimulation or threshold electrical stimulation. Despite limitations in the review methodology, the authors'(More)
This study assessed the variability of six goniometric measurements commonly used in the assessment of children with cerebral palsy (CP). Three experienced paediatric physiotherapists recorded three consecutive measurements of six joint ranges from 12 children with spastic CP. A fourth measurement was recorded 1 week later. The order of measurement with(More)
We have examined the effect of arthrodiastasis on the preservation of the femoral head in older children with Perthes' disease. We carried out a prospective trial in boys over the age of eight years and girls over seven years at the time of the onset of symptoms. The patients had minimal epiphyseal collapse and were compared with a conventionally treated,(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the comparative analgesic efficacy of H-wave therapy (HWT) and transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) using a mechanical model of pain threshold measurement. STUDY DESIGN Forty-eight healthy human volunteers (24 women, 24 men) were recruited and randomly assigned into one of six experimental groups; control, HWT (placebo,(More)
A randomized placebo-controlled trial was carried out to investigate the efficacy of neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) and threshold electrical stimulation (TES) in strengthening the quadriceps muscles of both legs in children with cerebral palsy (CP). Sixty children (38 males, 22 females; mean age 11y [SD 3y 6mo]; age range 5-16y) were randomized(More)
The concurrent validity of a 1 minute walk test at a child's maximum walking speed was assessed in children with bilateral spastic cerebral palsy (BSCP). The distance covered during the 1 minute walk test was compared with the children's gross motor function as assessed by the Gross Motor Function Measure (GMFM). Twenty-four male and 10 female children with(More)
AIM The aim of this study was to use a prospective longitudinal study to describe age-related trends in energy efficiency during gait, activity, and participation in ambulatory children with cerebral palsy (CP). METHOD Gross Motor Function Measure (GMFM), Paediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory (PEDI), and Lifestyle Assessment Questionnaire-Cerebral(More)
While there is general clinical consensus that children with Unilateral Spastic Cerebral Palsy (USCP) walk with an increased anterior pelvic tilt and the affected hemipelvis retracted, there is less agreement to observations in the coronal plane. Furthermore, the relationship of 3D pelvic kinematic parameters to the Winters, Gage and Hicks (WGH) hemiplegic(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this analysis was to assess recruitment bias in a population-based study of locomotor ability in children with cerebral palsy. METHOD A population-based case register was used as a sampling frame and was considered a highly ascertained record of children with the condition. A twin track approach to recruitment for the Locomotor(More)
BACKGROUND Children with cerebral palsy (CP) experience a variety of functional limitations depending on the severity of their condition that impact on their participation in day-to-day activities. METHODS The gross motor function and participation restrictions experienced by 60 ambulant children with CP (mean age 11.04 years) were assessed using the(More)