Learn More
In an effort to further characterize conserved and species-specific mechanisms of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD)-mediated toxicity, comparative temporal and dose-response microarray analyses were performed on hepatic tissue from immature, ovariectomized Sprague Dawley rats and C57BL/6 mice. For temporal studies, rats and mice were gavaged with(More)
In an effort to further characterize the mechanisms of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD)-mediated toxicity, comprehensive temporal and dose-response microarray analyses were performed on hepatic tissue from immature ovariectomized C57BL/6 mice treated with TCDD. For temporal analysis, mice were gavaged with 30 microg/kg of TCDD or vehicle and(More)
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) have become widely distributed as environmental contaminants due to their use as flame retardants. Their structural similarity to other halogenated aromatic pollutants has led to speculation that they might share toxicological properties such as hepatic enzyme induction. In this work we synthesized a number of PBDE(More)
The role of organochlorine (OC) exposure in the etiology of breast cancer remains controversial. Thus, our objective was to determine whether the most abundant and toxic OCs found in human milk could, when ingested during the neonatal period, modulate the development of mammary tumors in the rat. We prepared a mixture composed of(More)
The production of perfluoroalkylsulfonate (PFOS) derivatives from linear alkyl precursors using electrochemical fluorination is not a clean process but, instead, gives complex mixtures. This study reports the isolation and (19)F NMR characterization of eleven perfluorooctanesulfonate isomers from a commercial mixture. This allowed the quantification of the(More)
Polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs) and polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs) are likely formed by thermal synthesis of a variety of primary precursors. Highest levels of these compounds are expected, however, when the starting material requires only one or two reaction steps for their formation, as is the case with chlorophenols, chlorobenzenes and(More)
Several studies have reported that polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) exhibit estrogenic activity; however, it is not clear if these responses are associated with the polychlorinated hydrocarbon or its hydroxylated metabolite. In order to further test this hypothesis, a battery of in vitro and in vivo assays were used to investigate the estrogenic and(More)
Perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) is a global contaminant and is currently among the most prominent contaminants in human blood and wildlife samples. Although "total PFOS" (SigmaPFOS) analytical methods continue to be the most commonly used for quantification, recent analytical method developments have made it possible to resolve the various isomers of PFOS(More)
Polychlorinated biphenyls are persistent environmental pollutants that elicit a wide range of effects in humans and wildlife, mediated by the aryl hydrocarbon receptor. 3,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl (PCB126) is the most potent congener with relative effect potencies ranging from 0.0026 to 0.857, and a toxic equivalency factor (TEF) of 0.1 set by an expert(More)
Samples of potassium perfluorooctanesulfonate (PFOSK) from three suppliers were analyzed by LC-ESI-MS/MS for purity and by LC-ESI-MS for the percentage of linear isomer present. Our data indicated that the purity ranged from 80% to 98% and the percentages of linear isomer from 67% to 79%. The proportion of branched isomers present in the samples was also(More)