Brock G Chittim

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In an effort to further characterize conserved and species-specific mechanisms of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD)-mediated toxicity, comparative temporal and dose-response microarray analyses were performed on hepatic tissue from immature, ovariectomized Sprague Dawley rats and C57BL/6 mice. For temporal studies, rats and mice were gavaged with(More)
In an effort to further characterize the mechanisms of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD)-mediated toxicity, comprehensive temporal and dose-response microarray analyses were performed on hepatic tissue from immature ovariectomized C57BL/6 mice treated with TCDD. For temporal analysis, mice were gavaged with 30 microg/kg of TCDD or vehicle and(More)
The role of organochlorine (OC) exposure in the etiology of breast cancer remains controversial. Thus, our objective was to determine whether the most abundant and toxic OCs found in human milk could, when ingested during the neonatal period, modulate the development of mammary tumors in the rat. We prepared a mixture composed of(More)
Several studies have reported that polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) exhibit estrogenic activity; however, it is not clear if these responses are associated with the polychlorinated hydrocarbon or its hydroxylated metabolite. In order to further test this hypothesis, a battery of in vitro and in vivo assays were used to investigate the estrogenic and(More)
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) have become widely distributed as environmental contaminants due to their use as flame retardants. Their structural similarity to other halogenated aromatic pollutants has led to speculation that they might share toxicological properties such as hepatic enzyme induction. In this work we synthesized a number of PBDE(More)
Polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs) and polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs) are likely formed by thermal synthesis of a variety of primary precursors. Highest levels of these compounds are expected, however, when the starting material requires only one or two reaction steps for their formation, as is the case with chlorophenols, chlorobenzenes and(More)
Technical-grade dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) is an agricultural pesticide and malarial vector control agent that has been designated a potential human hepatocarcinogen. The o,p'-enantiomer exhibits estrogenic activity that has been associated with the carcinogenicity of DDT. The temporal and dose-dependent hepatic estrogenicity of o,p'-DDT was(More)
Samples of potassium perfluorooctanesulfonate (PFOSK) from three suppliers were analyzed by LC-ESI-MS/MS for purity and by LC-ESI-MS for the percentage of linear isomer present. Our data indicated that the purity ranged from 80% to 98% and the percentages of linear isomer from 67% to 79%. The proportion of branched isomers present in the samples was also(More)
Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) is a persistent estrogenic organochlorine pesticide that is a rodent hepatic tumor promoter, with inconclusive carcinogenicity in humans. We have previously reported that o, p'-DDT elicits primarily PXR/CAR-mediated activity, rather than ER-mediated hepatic responses, and suggested that CAR-mediated effects, as opposed(More)
Irradiation of the commercial polybrominated biphenyl (PBB( mixture, fireMaster BP-6, in cyclohexane solution at 300 nm for 930 min resulted in a marked diminution of the major components of the mixture. Administration of the photolyzed PBB mixture of fireMaster BP-6 to immature male Wistar rats caused both dose-related decreases in thymus weight and(More)