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BACKGROUND The development of animal models that approximate human frailty is necessary to facilitate etiologic and treatment-focused frailty research. The genetically altered IL-10(tm/tm) mouse does not express the antiinflammatory cytokine interleukin 10 (IL-10) and is, like frail humans, more susceptible to inflammatory pathway activation. We(More)
Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is a common condition with prevalence estimates of 2-4% in the general population. Epidemiological data suggest that SDB is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Glucose intolerance and insulin resistance are also well-recognized risk factors for the development of cardiovascular disease. A number of recent(More)
White blood cell count (WBC) is an important clinical marker that varies among different ethnic groups. African Americans are known to have a lower WBC than European Americans. We surveyed the entire genome for loci underlying this difference in WBC by using admixture mapping. We analyzed data from African American participants in the Health, Aging, and(More)
The physical manifestations of aging reflect a loss of homeostasis that effects molecular, cellular and organ system functional capacity. As a sentinel homeostatic pathway, changes in apoptosis can have pathophysiological consequences in both aging and disease. To assess baseline global apoptosis balance, sera from 204 clinically normal subjects had levels(More)
BACKGROUND Mitochondria contribute to the dynamics of cellular metabolism, the production of reactive oxygen species, and apoptotic pathways. Consequently, mitochondrial function has been hypothesized to influence functional decline and vulnerability to disease in later life. Mitochondrial genetic variation may contribute to altered susceptibility to the(More)
BACKGROUND Fall prevention for older adults is dependent on the ability to maintain protective balance. This study measured the short-term changes of protective stepping following waist-pull perturbations in the medio-lateral direction, to identify what, if any, properties of protective stepping are improved with repeated perturbation exposures. METHODS(More)
Frailty has been increasingly recognized as an important clinical syndrome in old age. The frailty syndrome is characterized by chronic inflammation, decreased functional and physiologic reserve, and increased vulnerability to stressors, leading to disability and mortality. However, molecular mechanisms that contribute to inflammation activation and(More)
BACKGROUND Protective stepping evoked by externally applied lateral perturbations reveals balance deficits underlying falls. However, a lack of comprehensive information about the control of different stepping strategies in relation to the magnitude of perturbation limits understanding of balance control in relation to age and fall status. The aim of this(More)
BACKGROUND This study aims to assess the degree and heterogeneity of decline in grip strength in the short term (6 months) and the clinical relevance of short-term decline to long-term decline (2.5 years) in grip strength in disabled older women. METHODS Eighty-four community-dwelling disabled women aged 65 years or older were evaluated on a weekly basis(More)
BACKGROUND Impaired balance, loss of mobility and falls are major problems associated with changes in muscle in older adults. However, the extent to which muscle composition and related performance measures for different lower limb muscles are associated with falls in older individuals is unclear. This study evaluated lower limb muscle attenuation,(More)