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BACKGROUND The development of animal models that approximate human frailty is necessary to facilitate etiologic and treatment-focused frailty research. The genetically altered IL-10(tm/tm) mouse does not express the antiinflammatory cytokine interleukin 10 (IL-10) and is, like frail humans, more susceptible to inflammatory pathway activation. We(More)
Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is a common condition with prevalence estimates of 2-4% in the general population. Epidemiological data suggest that SDB is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Glucose intolerance and insulin resistance are also well-recognized risk factors for the development of cardiovascular disease. A number of recent(More)
White blood cell count (WBC) is an important clinical marker that varies among different ethnic groups. African Americans are known to have a lower WBC than European Americans. We surveyed the entire genome for loci underlying this difference in WBC by using admixture mapping. We analyzed data from African American participants in the Health, Aging, and(More)
CONTEXT Activation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma by thiazolidinediones (TZDs) results in lower bone mass in mice. OBJECTIVE The objective of the study was to determine whether TZD use is associated with changes in bone mineral density (BMD) in older adults with type 2 diabetes. DESIGN We analyzed 4-yr follow-up data from the(More)
The physical manifestations of aging reflect a loss of homeostasis that effects molecular, cellular and organ system functional capacity. As a sentinel homeostatic pathway, changes in apoptosis can have pathophysiological consequences in both aging and disease. To assess baseline global apoptosis balance, sera from 204 clinically normal subjects had levels(More)
BACKGROUND Mitochondria contribute to the dynamics of cellular metabolism, the production of reactive oxygen species, and apoptotic pathways. Consequently, mitochondrial function has been hypothesized to influence functional decline and vulnerability to disease in later life. Mitochondrial genetic variation may contribute to altered susceptibility to the(More)
Frailty has been increasingly recognized as an important clinical syndrome in old age. The frailty syndrome is characterized by chronic inflammation, decreased functional and physiologic reserve, and increased vulnerability to stressors, leading to disability and mortality. However, molecular mechanisms that contribute to inflammation activation and(More)
BACKGROUND Fall prevention for older adults is dependent on the ability to maintain protective balance. This study measured the short-term changes of protective stepping following waist-pull perturbations in the medio-lateral direction, to identify what, if any, properties of protective stepping are improved with repeated perturbation exposures. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND Impaired balance, loss of mobility and falls are major problems associated with changes in muscle in older adults. However, the extent to which muscle composition and related performance measures for different lower limb muscles are associated with falls in older individuals is unclear. This study evaluated lower limb muscle attenuation,(More)
BACKGROUND This study aims to assess the degree and heterogeneity of decline in grip strength in the short term (6 months) and the clinical relevance of short-term decline to long-term decline (2.5 years) in grip strength in disabled older women. METHODS Eighty-four community-dwelling disabled women aged 65 years or older were evaluated on a weekly basis(More)