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Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is a common condition with prevalence estimates of 2-4% in the general population. Epidemiological data suggest that SDB is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Glucose intolerance and insulin resistance are also well-recognized risk factors for the development of cardiovascular disease. A number of recent(More)
To examine the role of the Pro12Ala variant of the human PPARgamma2 gene on adiposity and insulin resistance, we studied the effect of the variant on fat distribution assessed by CT scan, plasma glucose, and insulin levels during a 75g oral glucose load in 215 non-diabetic Japanese men. The allele frequency of the variant was 0. 03 in this population. There(More)
Peroxisome proliferator activated receptor-gamma (PPAR gamma) is a nuclear receptor that regulates adipocyte differentiation, and possibly lipid metabolism and insulin sensitivity. As such, PPAR gamma is a promising candidate gene for several human disorders including obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Screening for mutations in the entire coding region(More)
BACKGROUND The development of animal models that approximate human frailty is necessary to facilitate etiologic and treatment-focused frailty research. The genetically altered IL-10(tm/tm) mouse does not express the antiinflammatory cytokine interleukin 10 (IL-10) and is, like frail humans, more susceptible to inflammatory pathway activation. We(More)
White blood cell count (WBC) is an important clinical marker that varies among different ethnic groups. African Americans are known to have a lower WBC than European Americans. We surveyed the entire genome for loci underlying this difference in WBC by using admixture mapping. We analyzed data from African American participants in the Health, Aging, and(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma)-2 is a member of the nuclear hormone receptor superfamily that is expressed predominantly in adipocytes and is thought to have a role in energy homeostasis, adipogenesis, and insulin sensitivity. A functional single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) that predicts a proline to alanine substitution(More)
Elevated levels of the inflammatory cytokine IL-6 are associated with the development of disability, frailty, and mortality in older adults. These outcomes are likely mediated through inflammatory activity that alters hormones, skeletal muscle, and the immune system. Polymorphic variants in the IL-6 gene influence IL-6 expression. We hypothesized that IL-6(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess the relationship between rate of change in muscle strength and all-cause mortality. DESIGN Prospective observational study of the causes and course of physical disability. SETTING Twelve contiguous ZIP code areas in Baltimore, Maryland. PARTICIPANTS Three hundred seven community-dwelling women aged 70 to 79 at study baseline. (More)
CONTEXT Activation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma by thiazolidinediones (TZDs) results in lower bone mass in mice. OBJECTIVE The objective of the study was to determine whether TZD use is associated with changes in bone mineral density (BMD) in older adults with type 2 diabetes. DESIGN We analyzed 4-yr follow-up data from the(More)