Britto P Nathan

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The apolipoprotein E4 (apoE4) genotype is a major risk factor for Alzheimer's disease (AD); however, the mechanism is unknown. We previously demonstrated that apoE isoforms differentially modulated neurite outgrowth in embryonic neurons and in neuronal cell lines. ApoE3 increased neurite outgrowth whereas apoE4 decreased outgrowth, suggesting that apoE4 may(More)
Literature review suggests a close relationship between estrogen and apolipoprotein E (ApoE) in the central nervous system. Epidemiology studies show that estrogen replacement therapy (ERT) decreases the morbidity from several chronic neurological diseases. Alleles of ApoE modify the risk for and progression of the same diseases. ApoE levels in the rodent(More)
Studies have suggested that 17beta estradiol (E2) can modify apolipoprotein E (apoE) expression. The current study determined if apoE protein varied in different regions of the mouse brain as a function of the estrous cycle and if E2 could increase apoE protein expression. In this study apoE concentration was lowest on estrus in the hippocampus, cingulate(More)
In this review we examine the evidence for ovarian hormone neuroprotection in chronic neurological diseases, including stroke. We propose that neuroprotection may involve the ability of estrogens to modulate apolipoprotein E (apoE) and its receptor, the low density lipoprotein receptor related protein (LRP). Results from numerous studies have demonstrated(More)
Apolipoprotein E (apoE), a lipid transporting protein, has been shown to play a vital role in nerve repair and remodeling. Since the olfactory system is in a continuous state of remodeling, the present study tested the hypothesis that apoE is required for normal functioning of the olfactory system. Olfactory behavior of wild-type (WT) and apoE-deficient(More)
Apolipoprotein E (apoE), a lipid transporting protein, is extensively expressed in the primary olfactory pathway, but its function is unknown. We previously reported increased apoE levels in the olfactory bulb (OB) following olfactory epithelium (OE) lesion in mice, and hypothesized that apoE may play a vital role in olfactory nerve (ON) regeneration. To(More)
Apolipoprotein E (apoE), a lipid transporting protein, has been postulated to participate in nerve regeneration. To better clarify apoE function in the olfactory system, we evaluated the amount and distribution of apoE in the olfactory bulb following olfactory nerve lesion in mice. Olfactory nerve was lesioned in 2- to 4-month-old mice by intranasal(More)
We evaluated the distribution of apolipoprotein E (apoE) immunoreactivity in mouse and human olfactory bulbs. ApoE immunoreactivity was present in the olfactory nerve and around the glomeruli. Immunoreactivity was seen in somata that appeared to be glial. No neuronal staining was seen. The apoE immunoreactivity was also present in the mouse olfactory bulb(More)
Olfactory receptor neurons can regenerate from basal stem cells. Receptor neuron lesion causes degenerative changes in the olfactory bulb followed by regeneration as new olfactory receptor axons innervate the olfactory bulb. To our knowledge, parametric analyses of morphometric changes in the olfactory bulb during degeneration and regeneration do not exist(More)
Because mating may be costly, sexually active males or females are predicted to be in relatively good physiological condition and may preferentially direct their mating behavior toward relatively high-quality mates. We tested this hypothesis in Japanese beetles (Popillia japonica Newman), a pest species in which males and females may be either isolated or(More)