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Progressive hereditary nephritis is subdivided into Alport's syndrome (with extrarenal involvement) and hereditary nephritis without deafness. Three modes of inheritance have been described: X-linked dominant, autosomal dominant, and autosomal recessive. We reviewed the mode of inheritance in 48 kindred with hereditary nephritis (41 with Alport's syndrome(More)
This registry describes a multicentre experience of Home Parenteral Nutrition (HPN) in nine European countries covering 27 centres and 194 patients. The main purpose of this study was to evaluate the quality of life and prognosis of patients on HPN. Patients started HPN at 44 +/- 1 years old (mean +/- SEM), and received 200 courses of HPN for a mean of 12(More)
The present prospective study was conducted in order to establish the relationship between complement activation and stimulation of phagocyte oxidative metabolism observed in long-term hemodialysis (HD) patients during the early phase of dialysis with cellulosic membranes. Two groups of 10 randomized (HD) patients treated with cellulosic (Cuprophan, CUP) or(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the ability of angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors and beta blockers to slow the development of end stage renal failure in non-diabetic patients with chronic renal failure. DESIGN Open randomised multicentre trial with three year follow up. SETTING Outpatient departments of six French hospitals. PATIENTS 100 hypertensive(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether nonbronchoscopic protected specimen brush (PSB) and bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) are contributive for diagnosing ventilator-associated pneumonia in mechanically ventilated children. DESIGN Prospective study. SETTING Fifteen-bed pediatric intensive care unit in a university hospital. PATIENTS A total of 103 mechanically(More)
To investigate an eventual role of acidosis on hemodialysis osteodystrophy we prospectively studied 21 patients who were dialyzed with different amounts of bicarbonate in the dialysate for 18 months. According to the level of bone formation rate (BFR) on a prestudy bone biopsy, patients were split in two subgroups. Inside these two subgroups patients were(More)
A study of 24 patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) was done to evaluate the relationship between the disease state and walking performance. Each was filmed with high speed cameras as he/she walked at free speed. Spatial position of points on the limbs were quantified from films with a digitizer and a computer. Velocity, cadence, stride length,(More)
During a one-year period analgesic and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug-(NSAID) associated acute renal failure (ARF) was recorded in 147 of 398 patients registered in 58 nephrology units. This figure represented 36.9% of drug-associated ARF, and 6.8% of total patients with ARF hospitalized during the same period. Drugs involved were primarily glafenin(More)
We have described a 28-year-old male sheepfarmer who had fever, headache, chills, malaise, and aortic insufficiency. Echocardiography revealed a tricuspid aortic valve with a large vegetation on the right cusp, an enlarged left ventricle, and diastolic flutter of the mitral valve. Repeated blood cultures were negative. Seroconversion of IgG and IgM to(More)
This study was designed to evaluate platelet activation, enhancement of coagulation and fibrinolysis in patients with chronic renal failure on long-term haemodialysis. Beta thromboglobulin (BTG), platelet factor 4 (PF4), fibrinopeptide A, tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) activity and antigen, tissue plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI), fibrin, and(More)