Brittany N. Ross

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Many growth factors and cytokines act as cellular survival factors by preventing programmed cell death (apoptosis). However, the specific genes and corresponding proteins that mediate survival are poorly defined. To identify potential survival genes, a cDNA library was prepared from murine fibroblasts and screened by a functional expression cloning(More)
BACKGROUND Ethanol inhibits insulin-like growth factor-I receptor (IGF-IR) activation. However, the potency of ethanol for inhibition of the IGF-IR and other receptor tyrosine kinases varies considerably among different cell types. We investigated the effect of ethanol on IGF-I signaling in several neuronal cell types. METHODS IGF-I signaling was examined(More)
The insulin-like growth factor-I receptor (IGF-IR) is a key regulator of cell proliferation and survival. Activation of the IGF-IR induces tyrosine autophosphorylation and the binding of a series of adaptor molecules, thereby leading to the activation of MAPK. It has been demonstrated that pertussis toxin, which inactivates the G(i) class of GTP-binding(More)
Adherent-invasive Escherichia coli (AIEC) pathogroup isolates are a group of isolates from the intestinal mucosa of Crohn's disease patients that can invade intestinal epithelial cells (IECs) or macrophages and survive and/or replicate within. We have identified the ibeA gene in the genome of AIEC strain NRG857c and report the contribution of IbeA to the(More)
The effect of ethanol on insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-I)-mediated signal transduction and functional activation in neuronal cells was examined. In human SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells, ethanol inhibited tyrosine autophosphorylation of the IGF-I receptor. This corresponded to the inhibition of IGF-I-induced phosphorylation of p42/p44(More)
BACKGROUND Activation of the insulin-like growth factor I receptor (IGF-IR) by its ligands IGF-I and IGF-II induces cell proliferation and protects against apoptosis. Ethanol inhibits IGF-IR tyrosine autophosphorylation, which subsequently interferes with the activation of key downstream signaling mediators including insulin-receptor substrate-1,(More)
Burkholderia comprises a wide variety of environmental Gram-negative bacteria. Burkholderia cepacia complex (Bcc) includes several Burkholderia species that pose a health hazard as they are able to cause respiratory infections in patients with chronic granulomatous disease and cystic fibrosis. Due to the intrinsic resistance to a wide array of antibiotics(More)
A renewed interest in Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) strains was sparked due to the appearance of an outbreak in 2011, causing 3,816 diarrheal cases and some deaths in Europe. The causative strain was classified as enteroaggregative E. coli of serotype O104:H4 that had acquired Shiga toxin genes. The ability of STEC O104:H4 to cause disease(More)
UNLABELLED Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) is a human pathogen that requires initial adhesion to the intestine in order to cause disease. Multiple adhesion factors have been identified in E. coli strains, among them the long polar fimbriae (Lpf), a colonization factor associated with intestinal adhesion. The conditions of Lpf expression are well(More)
Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) O157:H7 is a leading cause of foodborne illnesses worldwide and is a common serotype linked to hemorrhagic colitis and an important cause of hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS). Treatment of EHEC O157:H7 infections is complicated, as antibiotics can exacerbate Shiga toxin (Stx) production and lead to more severe(More)
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