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Twelve cases of large- and medium-sized cerebral artery stenosis and/or occlusion associated with bacterial meningitis occurred. Neurological complication due to arterial involvement developed in seven patients on the third and fourth days of illness; in one patient, it developed on the fifth day, and in another it developed on the 14th day. In three cases,… (More)
We retrospectively evaluated the CT studies of 9 children who presented with intracranial tuberculosis during 1981-1987, and compared their radiographic appearance with the clinical outcome. The most common radiographic findings were: 1) ventriculomegaly (7/9) ,2) tuberculoma formation (6/9), and 3) infarction (4/9). Of 7 patients with ventriculomegaly, 3… (More)
Fourteen children who experienced acute, profound central nervous system hypoxia secondary to near drowning, aspiration, or respiratory arrest underwent CT examination. During the first week after the episode, the most frequent finding was a loss of gray-white matter differentiation. Other findings included effacement of sulci and cisterns, focal areas of… (More)
A patient with new onset seizures was found to have radiographic findings of a calvarial hemangioma. Because of the history, additional diagnostic tests were employed, which excluded cerebral lesions. Findings characteristic of hemangioma on blood pool imaging were felt to confirm the diagnosis.
Cerebral angiograms were performed in 14 children with sickle cell disease and clinical findings of cerebral infarction. The angiogram was normal in four patients. Ten patients had abnormalities in the carotid artery or its branches. The internal carotid artery was stenosed or occluded usually with bilateral disease. The anterior and middle cerebral… (More)
Transfemoral cerebral angiography was performed in four children with brain death secondary to increased intracranial pressure. Findings not previously described are filling of the cavernous, petrous and cervical portions of the contralateral internal carotid artery via the anterior communicating artery, filling of the basilar and vertebral arteries via the… (More)
The computed tomographic (CT) findings in six cases of neonatal herpes simplex encephalitis (HSE) are reviewed and compared with previous reports. The diagnoses were made on the basis of isolation of the virus from a brain biopsy specimen in one case, from cerebrospinal fluid in two cases, from tracheal aspirate in one case, and on clinical grounds in two… (More)