Britta Wachter

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Reactive astrogliosis is the universal response to any brain insult. It is characterized by cellular hypertrophy, up-regulation of the astrocyte marker glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), and proliferation. The source of these proliferating cells is under intense debate. Progenitor cells derived from the subventricular zone (SVZ), cells positive for(More)
Proliferation of astrocytes plays an essential role during ontogeny and in the adult brain, where it occurs following trauma and in inflammation and neurodegenerative diseases as well as in normal, healthy mammals. The cellular mechanisms underlying glial proliferation remain poorly understood. As dopamine is known to modulate proliferation in different(More)
The neurotoxin 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) is frequently used in animal models to mimic Parkinson's disease. Imaging studies describe hyperintense signalling in regions close to the site of the 6-OHDA injection in T2-weighted (T2w) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The nature of this hyperintense signal remains elusive and still is matter of discussion. Here(More)
Multilamellar liposomes were prepared from phospholipid, cholesterol and dicetyl phosphate and marked with potassium chromate or with glucose. They were treated with 0.5--50 haemolytic units (HU)/ml of rubescenslysin from Amanita rubescens or of phallolysin from Amanita phalloides. Rubescenslysin caused a dose-dependent release of marker molecules from(More)
The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) acts as a dynamic calcium store and is involved in the generation of specific patterns of calcium signals in neurons. Calcium is mobilized from the ER store by multiple signaling cascades, and neuronal activity is known to regulate ER calcium levels. We asked how neurons regulate ER calcium levels in the resting state. Direct(More)
Previously we have demonstrated that intraventricular injection of 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) results in increased proliferation and de-differentiation of rat cortical astrocytes into progenitor-like cells 4 days after lesion (Wachter et al., 2010). To find out if these cells express tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), the rate-limiting enzyme in the catecholamine(More)
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