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In order to test the preference of growing axons for membrane-associated positional specificity a new in vitro assay was developed. In this assay, membrane fragments of two different sources are arranged as a carpet of very narrow alternating strips. Axons growing on such striped carpets are simultaneously confronted with the two substrates at the stripe(More)
An in vitro assay is presented in which different soluble substrates are arranged in narrow alternating stripes which forces growing axons and migratory cells to choose between them. The usefulness of this assay is exemplified by offering goldfish retinal axons and glial cells of the optic nerve a variety of substrates in stripes. Given a choice between(More)
KRAS mutations occur in one third of human cancers and cluster in several hotspots, with codons 12 and 13 being most commonly affected. It has been suggested that the position and type of amino acid exchange influence the transforming capacity of mutant KRAS proteins. We used MCF10A human mammary epithelial cells to establish isogenic cell lines that(More)
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