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AIMS Mice with a cardiomyocyte (CM)-restricted knockout of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3-KO) develop spontaneous heart failure. We investigated the impact of STAT3-mediated regulation of microRNAs for pathophysiological alterations in the heart. METHODS AND RESULTS MicroRNAchip and qRT-PCR analysis revealed elevated cardiac(More)
Anticancer therapies, such as targeting of STAT3 or the use of anthracyclins (doxorubicin), can induce cardiomyopathy. In mice prone to developing heart failure as a result of reduced cardiac STAT3 expression (cardiomyocyte-restricted deficiency of STAT3) or treatment with doxorubicin, we observed impaired endothelial differentiation capacity of Sca-1(+)(More)
BACKGROUND In patients with myocardial infarction, high serum levels of interleukin-6 cytokines predict a poor outcome. The common receptor of interleukin-6 cytokines, glycoprotein-130 (gp130), signals via janus kinase/signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT), cytoplasmic protein tyrosine phosphatase/extracellular signal-regulated kinase, and(More)
Aims The benefit of the β1-adrenergic receptor (β1-AR) agonist dobutamine for treatment of acute heart failure in peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) is controversial. Cardiac STAT3 expression is reduced in PPCM patients. Mice carrying a cardiomyocyte-restricted deletion of STAT3 (CKO) develop PPCM. We hypothesized that STAT3-dependent signalling networks may(More)
Multiple in vitro and in vivo studies showed that the signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) protein is involved in cardiomyocyte protection and hypertrophy and via paracrine pathways impacts on the non-myocyte compartment, i.e., the vasculature and the extracellular matrix. In this regard, STAT3 interacts with a broad range of cellular(More)
BACKGROUND Peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) is a pregnancy-associated cardiomyopathy in previously healthy women. Mice with a cardiomyocyte-restricted deletion of signal transducer and activator of transcription-3 (STAT3, CKO) develop PPCM. PI3K-Akt signalling is thought to promote cardiac hypertrophy and protection during pregnancy. We evaluated the role(More)
The signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) is fundamental for physiological homeostasis and stress-induced remodelling of the heart as deregulated STAT3 circuits are sufficient to induce dilated and peripartum cardiomyopathy and adverse remodelling after myocardial infarction. STAT3 activity depends on multiple post-translational(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are endogenously expressed small non-coding RNAs acting at the post-transcriptional level where they promote mRNA degradation and block protein translation. Recent findings suggest that complex transcriptional and post-transcriptional circuits control miRNAs. STAT3 has emerged as an important regulator of their expression and biogenesis(More)
The small molecule EMD 57033 has been shown to stimulate the actomyosin ATPase activity and contractility of myofilaments. Here, we show that EMD 57033 binds to an allosteric pocket in the myosin motor domain. EMD 57033-binding protects myosin against heat stress and thermal denaturation. In the presence of EMD 57033, ATP hydrolysis, coupling between actin(More)
Advanced cancer induces fundamental changes in metabolism and promotes cardiac atrophy and heart failure. We discovered systemic insulin deficiency in cachectic cancer patients. Similarly, mice with advanced B16F10 melanoma (B16F10-TM) or colon 26 carcinoma (C26-TM) displayed decreased systemic insulin associated with marked cardiac atrophy, metabolic(More)