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AIMS Mice with a cardiomyocyte (CM)-restricted knockout of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3-KO) develop spontaneous heart failure. We investigated the impact of STAT3-mediated regulation of microRNAs for pathophysiological alterations in the heart. METHODS AND RESULTS MicroRNAchip and qRT-PCR analysis revealed elevated cardiac(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are endogenously expressed small non-coding RNAs acting at the post-transcriptional level where they promote mRNA degradation and block protein translation. Recent findings suggest that complex transcriptional and post-transcriptional circuits control miRNAs. STAT3 has emerged as an important regulator of their expression and biogenesis(More)
The small molecule EMD 57033 has been shown to stimulate the actomyosin ATPase activity and contractility of myofilaments. Here, we show that EMD 57033 binds to an allosteric pocket in the myosin motor domain. EMD 57033-binding protects myosin against heat stress and thermal denaturation. In the presence of EMD 57033, ATP hydrolysis, coupling between actin(More)
Aims The benefit of the b 1-adrenergic receptor (b 1-AR) agonist dobutamine for treatment of acute heart failure in peripar-tum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) is controversial. Cardiac STAT3 expression is reduced in PPCM patients. Mice carrying a cardiomyocyte-restricted deletion of STAT3 (CKO) develop PPCM. We hypothesized that STAT3-dependent signalling networks(More)
The signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) is fundamental for physiological homeostasis and stress-induced remodelling of the heart as deregulated STAT3 circuits are sufficient to induce dilated and peripartum cardiomyopathy and adverse remodelling after myocardial infarction. STAT3 activity depends on multiple post-translational(More)
The use of antipsychotics carries the risk of metabolic side effects, such as weight gain and new onset type-2 diabetes mellitus. The mechanisms of the observed metabolic alterations are not fully understood. We compared the effects of two atypical antipsychotics, one known to favor weight gain (olanzapine), the other not (aripiprazole), on glucose(More)
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