Britta Spanier

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Uptake of nutrients into cells is essential to life and occurs in all organisms at the expense of energy. Whereas in most prokaryotic and simple eukaryotic cells electrochemical transmembrane proton gradients provide the central driving force for nutrient uptake, in higher eukaryotes it is more frequently coupled to sodium movement along the transmembrane(More)
Various studies have demonstrated longevity effects of flavonoids, a major sub-group of plant polyphenolic compounds, in Caenorhabditis elegans. To better understand their structure-activity relationship in vivo we have used a comparative approach by exposing C. elegans to the structurally related flavonoids myricetin, quercetin, kaempferol and naringenin,(More)
BACKGROUND Amino acid absorption in the form of di- and tripeptides is mediated by the intestinal proton-coupled peptide transporter PEPT-1 (formally OPT-2) in Caenorhabditits elegans. Transporter-deficient animals (pept-1(lg601)) show impaired growth, slowed postembryonal development and major changes in amino acid status. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS Here we(More)
Dietary proteins are cleaved within the intestinal lumen to oligopeptides which are further processed to small peptides (di- and tripeptides) and free amino acids. Although the transport of amino acids is mediated by several specific amino acid transporters, the proton-coupled uptake of the more than 8000 different di- and tripeptides is performed by the(More)
Peptide transporters of the SLC15 family are classified by structure and function into PEPT1 (low-affinity/high-capacity) and PEPT2 (high-affinity/low-capacity) isoforms. Despite the differences in kinetics, both transporter isoforms are reckoned to transport essentially all possible di- and tripeptides. We here report that the fluorophore-conjugated(More)
Insulin/IGF-like signaling (IIS) and nutrient sensing are among the most potent regulators of health status and aging. Here, a global view of the metabolic changes in C. elegans with impaired function of IIS represented by daf-2 and daf-16 and the intestinal di- and tripeptide transport pept-1 was generated using (1)H nuclear magnetic resonance(More)
The development of the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans is a highly dynamic process. Although various studies have assessed global transcriptome changes, information on the dynamics of the proteome during ontogenesis is not available. We metabolically labeled C. elegans by using ¹⁵N ammonium chloride as a precursor in Escherichia coli feeding bacteria grown(More)
The insulin-like signalling pathway is a central regulator of development, metabolism, stress resistance and lifespan in eukaryotes. Caenorhabditis elegans daf-2(e1370) animals with a loss-of-function mutation in the insulin-like receptor live twice as long as wild-type animals, and the additional knockout of the intestinal di- and tripeptide transporter(More)
The control of signal peptide activity by cell surface proteases is one of the main factors that regulate the development and behaviour of organisms. In mammals, neprilysins (NEPs) are known to play a key role in these processes and their inactivation can initiate cellular disorganisation, which in turn may lead to prostate cancer or Hirschsprung disease.(More)
The intestinal transporter PEPT1 mediates the absorption of di- and tripeptides originating from breakdown of dietary proteins. Whereas mice lacking PEPT1 did not display any obvious changes in phenotype on a high-carbohydrate control diet (HCD), Pept1(-/-) mice fed a high-fat diet (HFD) showed a markedly reduced weight gain and reduced body fat stores.(More)