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The localization of peptidergic, catecholaminergic, and nitroxidergic nerve fibers in the ventral leptomeningeal connective tissue compartment was studied in whole-mount preparations and serial semithin and ultrathin sections. For immunocytochemistry, whole-mount preparations of the leptomeninges and ventral brain slices with the meninges were incubated as(More)
This study was designed to explore whether the basal adrenocortical activity is related with pain-related coping, nonverbal pain behavior, depressive mood, and fatigue in patients with acute and chronic nonspecific low back pain. 19 patients with acute low back pain (ALBP) and 24 with chronic low back pain (CLBP) participated in the study. The(More)
Caenorhabditis elegans MEC-4 and MEC-10 are subunits of the degenerin/epithelial Na+ channel (DEG/ENaC) ion channel superfamily thought to be associated with MEC-2 (a stomatin-like protein) in a mechanotransducing molecular complex in specialized touch sensory neurons. A key question is whether analogous molecular complexes in higher organisms transduce(More)
Heterozygous missense mutations in the caveolin-3 gene (CAV3) cause different muscle disorders. Most patients with CAV3 alterations present with rippling muscle disease (RMD) characterized by signs of increased muscle irritability without muscle weakness. In some patients, CAV3 mutations underlie the progressive limb-girdle muscular dystrophy type 1C(More)
Stomatin is a widely distributed 32kD membrane protein of unknown function. In biochemical studies it is associated with cholesterol+sphingomyelin-rich 'rafts' in the cytomembrane. Genetic studies in C. elegans, supported by microscopic studies in mammalian tissue and co-expression studies in oocytes, suggest a functional link with the DEG/ENaC(More)
The distribution and immunocytochemical characterization of nerve fibers and their terminals in the posterior longitudinal ligament of the rat lumbar vertebral column was studied in whole-mount preparations and serial semithin and ultrathin sections. Differences in the localization, distribution pattern and density of peptidergic and catecholaminergic nerve(More)
In this neuroendoscopic study the authors tested the newly developed "red-out module" of their visual navigation system that enables the neurosurgeon to achieve hemostasis if total visualization is lost due to hemorrhage ("red out") within the visual field. An optical position measurement system connected to the endoscope guarantees that digitized(More)
Pachymeninx and leptomeninx of cranial cavity and spine are considerably different in their collagenous fiber texture, cellular composition, vascularization, and innervation. The majority of meningeal nerve fibers terminate as free nerve endings whereas encapsulated and lamellated nerve terminals additionally occur in higher vertebrates including man. With(More)
During the development of new navigation systems, the ergonomic aspects of the accompanying software are seldom taken into account. The VN system is a navigation system working with real and previously stored neuroendoscopic images. The latter enable the module to execute virtual back movement, e.g. in case of bleeding. Several other modules are offered.(More)
A visual navigation system (VN) was developed which uses intraoperatively stored endoscopic images together with their specific 3D-address. A special calibration enables one to recalculate the distortion of the endoscopic images. Several modules (e. g., landmark tracking, virtual back-movement) are offered to the neurosurgeon. The system was tested in 12(More)