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The murine gap junction protein connexin43 (Cx43) is expressed in blood vessels, with vastly different contribution by endothelial and smooth muscle cells. We have used the Cre recombinase under control of TIE2 transcriptional elements to inactivate a floxed Cx43 gene specifically in endothelial cells. Cre-mediated deletion led to replacement of the Cx43(More)
Transcripts of three connexin isoforms (Cx36, Cx43 and Cx45) have been reported in rodent pancreatic islets, but the precise distribution of the cognate proteins is still unknown. We determined expression of Cx36 in a cell-autonomous manner using mice with a targeted replacement of the Cx36 coding region by a lacZ reporter gene. For cell-autonomous(More)
Using a human glial fibrillary acidic protein (hGFAP) promoter-driven cre transgene, we have achieved efficient inactivation of a floxed connexin43 (Cx43) gene in astrocytes of adult mice. The loss of Cx43 expression was monitored in a cell-autonomous manner via conditional replacement of the Cx43-coding region by a lacZ reporter gene. In this way, we(More)
Using the Cre/loxP system, we have circumvented early postnatal lethality and possible pleiotropic effects of general Cx43 gene deletion, in order to determine the expression and function of connexin43 (Cx43) in defined cell types. General or cell type-specific, Cre-mediated deletion of the floxed (i.e. flanked by loxP sites) Cx43-coding region led to(More)
The autosomal dominant skin disorder erythrokeratodermia variabilis (EKV) has been linked to mutations in the human connexin31 (hCx31) gene, which is expressed in the epidermis. We characterized and compared a pathogenic mutation resulting in replacement of amino acid glycine 12 with arginine (G12R) with wild-type hCx31 protein. HeLa cells were transfected(More)
To investigate the function of Cx43 during hypertension, we studied the mouse line Cx43KI32 (KI32), in which the coding region of Cx32 replaces that of Cx43. Within the kidneys of homozygous KI32 mice, Cx32 was expressed in cortical and medullary tubules, as well as in some extra- and intraglomerular vessels, i.e., at sites where Cx32 and Cx43 are found in(More)
Gap junctions are characteristically increased in the myometrium during term and preterm delivery and are thought to be essential for the development of uterine contractions during labour. Expression of connexin43 (Cx43), the major myometrial gap junction protein, is increased during delivery. We have generated a mouse mutant (Cx43fl/fl:SM-CreERT2), in(More)
Conditional gene targeting using the Cre/loxP technology generally includes integration of a selection marker cassette flanked by loxP recognition sites (floxed) in the target gene locus. Subsequent marker removal avoids possible impairment of gene expression or mosaicism due to partial and total deletions after Cre-mediated recombination in vivo. The use(More)
Connexin43 (Cx43) gap-junction channels are highly abundant in intestinal smooth muscle but their functional impact has not been studied so far. Here, we have aimed to elucidate the functional role of Cx43 in the tunica muscularis of the mouse intestine in vivo. Transgenic mice with conditional deletion of Cx43 in smooth muscle cells (SMC) were generated.(More)
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