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Interferon alpha (IFN-alpha) has a documented activity against malignant melanoma with a response rate of only approximately 20%. It would therefore be of considerable importance if patients likely to respond could be identified. The degree of mononuclear cell infiltration in primary tumours has been reported to correlate with a favourable prognosis. This(More)
The therapeutic efficacy of biochemotherapy in metastatic malignant melanoma still carries a low remission rate, but with some durable responses. It would therefore be of considerable importance if patients with a high probability of responding could be identified using predictive tests. The response to interferon-alpha (IFN-alpha) correlates with the(More)
A nationwide study of childhood Type 1 (insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus was established in 1986 in Finland, the country with the highest incidence of this disease worldwide. The aim of the project called “Childhood Diabetes in Finland” is to evaluate the role of genetic, environmental and immunological factors and particularly the interaction between(More)
Seven patients underwent treatment with mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), together with allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). MSCs were given to three patients for graft failure and four patients were included in a pilot study. HSCT donors were three human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-identical siblings, three unrelated donors and one cord(More)
PURPOSE Cytokines have been detected in the urine during the first hours after intravesical Bacillus Calmette Guerin (BCG) treatment against superficial bladder cancer. To investigate the long-lasting mucosal inflammatory response, we analyzed intracellular cytokines by immunohistochemistry in biopsies taken 2 weeks after BCG treatment. MATERIALS AND(More)
AIM To follow-up six children with severe mucopolysaccharidosis type IH, Hurler syndrome, who were treated before 24 months of age with haematopoietic stem cell transplantation. METHODS In Sweden, during the last 10-year period, six consecutive children born with severe mucopolysaccharidoses type IH have been successfully transplanted using matched(More)
Although dic(9;20)(p13.2;q11.2) is a characteristic abnormality in childhood B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemias (BCP ALL), little is known about its clinical impact or the type and frequency of additional aberrations it may occur together with. We here review the clinical and cytogenetic features of a Nordic pediatric series of 24 patients with(More)
Although the dic(9;20)(p11-13;q11) is a recurrent chromosomal abnormality in paediatric B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (BCP ALL), occurring in approximately 2% of the cases, its molecular genetic consequences have not been elucidated. In the present study, high-resolution genome-wide array-based comparative genomic hybridisation (array-CGH)(More)
BACKGROUND Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (ASCT) is a possible cure for many inherited disorders. METHODS We report 20 years of experience in 71 patients. The disorders include 7 immunodeficiencies, 21 hematological disorders, 13 histiocytic disorders, 9 mucopolysaccharoidoses, 7 metachromatic leukodystrophies (MLD), 3(More)
The dic(9;20)(p13.2;q11.2) is reported to be present in ∼2% of childhood B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (BCP ALL). However, it easily escapes detection by G-banding analysis and its true prevalence is hence unknown. We performed interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization analyses-in a three-step manner-using probes for: (i) CDKN2A at 9p21,(More)