Learn More
BACKGROUND Cigarette smoking is a significant risk factor for both chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and periodontal disease. The goal of this study was to better understand the role of smoking in a possible relationship between periodontal disease and COPD. METHODS The study population consisted of 7,625 participants in the Third National(More)
BACKGROUND This article presents evidence-based clinical recommendations developed by a panel convened by the American Dental Association Council on Scientific Affairs. This report addresses the potential benefits and potential risks of screening for oral squamous cell carcinomas and the use of adjunctive screening aids to visualize and detect potentially(More)
Protein-energy malnutrition occurs when there are deficiencies in protein, energy foods or both, relative to a body's needs. This paper reviews the association of early childhood malnutrition with: (1) dental caries, (2) enamel hypoplasia, (3) salivary gland hypofunction, and (4) delayed eruption. Studies suggest that caries of the primary dentition is(More)
BACKGROUND We assessed the American Society of Anesthesiologists' (ASA) class, as a measure of comorbidity in comparison to the commonly used Charlson index for prognostic ability in a HNCA population. METHODS Proportional hazards methods were applied to head and neck cancer patients whose treatment included surgery by the Johns Hopkins Otolaryngology(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this retrospective cohort study was to determine the effects of early childhood protein-energy malnutrition (EC-PEM) and current nutritional status as defined by anthropomorphic measures on the exfoliation and eruption patterns of teeth among adolescents. METHODS Oral clinical examinations were conducted in 2005 using World(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine dental visits among smoking and nonsmoking adults in a nationally representative sample. METHODS Logistic regression analysis was performed, using a sample of 15,250 US adults from the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey Household Component 2000. RESULTS Current smokers were less likely to report dental visits (32.9%) than were(More)
Health care providers who feel prepared are more apt to assume tobacco interventionist roles; therefore, educational preparation is critical. A nonprobability sample of health professions students at an urban academic health center were asked to respond to a twenty-two-item survey eliciting demographic, behavioral, and tobacco-related attitudinal(More)
BACKGROUND Alcohol and tobacco, the primary etiologic agents for head and neck carcinoma (HNCA), cause other chronic diseases and may contribute to the high prevalence of comorbid conditions and generally poor survival of persons with HNCA. METHODS The authors explored the prognostic role of comorbidity in persons with HNCA using Health Care Finance(More)
BACKGROUND Cigarette smoking is a significant risk factor for both coronary heart disease and periodontal disease. The goal of this study was to better understand the role of smoking in the relationship between periodontal disease and heart attack history. METHODS The study population consisted of 5,285 participants in the Third National Health and(More)
The purpose of this cohort study was to determine whether individuals with sickle cell anemia (SCA) were more susceptible to dental caries than non-sickle-cell control subjects. A review of the literature suggests several reasons why individuals with SCA may be at increased risk. Thirty-five cases of SCA aged 6 years and older were identified from a(More)