Brita Karlström

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OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effects of varying the glycemic index (GI) of carbohydrate-rich foods on metabolic control in type 2 diabetic patients. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS In a randomized crossover study, 20 patients, 5 women and 15 men, were given preweighed diets with different GIs during two consecutive 24-day periods. Both diets were composed in(More)
The Diabetes and Nutrition Study Group (DNSG) of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD) has issued a series of updated statements regarding the nutritional management of patients with diabetes (1-3). These have been based on the best available evidence derived from the scientific literature and the collective clinical experience of(More)
BACKGROUND Comparative studies on dietary patterns and long-term mortality are sparse. OBJECTIVE The objective was to examine the relations between 10-y mortality and adherence to the World Health Organization dietary guidelines [Healthy Diet Indicator (HDI)], a Mediterranean-like diet, and a carbohydrate-restricted (CR) diet in elderly Swedish men. (More)
BACKGROUND Adherence to dietary patterns has been associated with cognitive decline and dementia, but studies are inconsistent. OBJECTIVE Dietary patterns, i.e., WHO recommendations (Healthy Diet Indicator), a Mediterranean-like diet (modified Mediterranean Diet Score, mMDS), and a low carbohydrate high protein diet (LCHP), were related to incident(More)
BACKGROUND Many diseases striking old adults result in eating difficulties. Indications for selecting individuals for percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) are unclear and everybody may not benefit from the procedure. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to evaluate indications for and survival after PEG insertion in patients older than 65 years. (More)
High intakes of whole grain foods are inversely related to the incidence of coronary heart diseases and type 2 diabetes, but the mechanisms remain unclear. Our study aimed to evaluate the effects of a diet rich in whole grains compared with a diet containing the same amount of refined grains on insulin sensitivity and markers of lipid peroxidation and(More)
UNLABELLED Glucokinase Regulatory Protein (GCKR) plays a central role regulating both hepatic triglyceride and glucose metabolism. Fatty acids are key metabolic regulators, which interact with genetic factors and influence glucose metabolism and other metabolic traits. Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFA) have been of considerable interest, due to(More)
Objective: To investigate the change in food habits in Swedish adolescents between 15 and 21 y of age with reference to age, sex, region and socioeconomic background.Design: A longitudinal study from 1993 to 1999.Setting: Two different regions in Sweden, the university city of Uppsala and the industrial town of Trollhättan.Subjects: On three different(More)
BACKGROUND During the last decades, global migration has increased and many immigrant groups have a higher prevalence than the native born population of several cardiovascular disease risk factors, including poor dietary habits. However, it is uncertain if dietary habits in immigrant populations reflect dietary habits in their country of origin or if the(More)
Background: Vitamin D has been implicated as being important for maintaining cognitive function in old age. Results from longitudinal studies examining the association of vitamin D with incident dementia and cognitive impairment have been inconsistent.Objective: We investigated the relation between vitamin D, assessed in 3 different ways, and the risk of(More)