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Network routing protocols work in a vulnerable environment. Unless protected by appropriate security measures, their operation can be easily subverted by intruders capable of modifying, deleting or adding false information in routing updates. This paper first analyses threats to the secure operation of inter-domain routing protocols, and then proposes(More)
A series of biphenyl-1,3,4-oxadiazoles namely 5-[substituted-(1,1'-biphenyl)-3-yl]-1,3,4-oxadiazole-2(3H)-thiones and its S-alkyl derivatives have been synthesized by multi step organic synthesis involving Suzuki-Miyaura coupling using palladium catalyst. The synthesized compounds were characterized by (1)H NMR, (13)C NMR, (19)F NMR, IR and LCMS(More)
A rapid and sensitive ultra high performance liquid chromatography electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry method was developed and validated for the simultaneous determination of 13 flavonoids in leaf, stem, and fruit extracts of male and female trees of Ginkgo biloba to investigate gender- and age-related variations of flavonoids content.(More)
In search of pharmalogically active molecules in the class of oxadiazoles, the present article deals with the synthesis of 5-(5′-fluoro-2′-methoxybiphenyl-3-yl)-1,3,4-oxadiazol-2(3H)-one 2 from its hydrazide analog 1. The compound 2 was regioselectively N-alkylated with alkyl halides and produced the compounds 3a–f. Compound 3f was further functionalized(More)
An efficient and rapid synthetic strategy for the naturally occurring indoloazepinone scaffold via a three-component reaction of indole-2-carboxamides, 1,3-disubstituted propargyl alcohols, and I(2) is described. The strategy involves a C-H functionalization-alkyne activation-intramolecular hydroamidation-deprotonation domino sequence. The salient feature(More)
Several diversity-oriented syntheses of N-fused polycyclic heterocycles have been demonstrated but most of them are based on point diversity within the same library and usually involve time-consuming sequential multistep syntheses, which also suffer from low yields and/or poor precursor scopes. We have developed a new strategy for the syntheses of skeletal(More)
Organic Thin Film Transistors (OTFTs) are promising devices for future development of variety of low-cost and large-area electronics applications such as flexible displays. This paper analyzes the performance of OTFT made of several organic semi conducting and insulating materials and further discusses their applications. Analysis of previous research work(More)