Brij B. Singh

Learn More
Regulation of cell volume in response to changes in osmolarity is critical for cell function and survival. However, the molecular basis of osmosensation and regulation of cell volume are not clearly understood. We have examined the mechanism of regulatory volume decrease (RVD) in salivary gland cells and report a novel association between osmosensing TRPV4(More)
Store-operated calcium entry (SOCE) is a ubiquitous mechanism that is mediated by distinct SOC channels, ranging from the highly selective calcium release-activated Ca2+ (CRAC) channel in rat basophilic leukemia and other hematopoietic cells to relatively Ca2+-selective or non-selective SOC channels in other cells. Although the exact composition of these(More)
Trp1 has been proposed as a component of the store-operated Ca(2+) entry (SOC) channel. However, neither the molecular mechanism of SOC nor the role of Trp in this process is yet understood. We have examined possible molecular interactions involved in the regulation of SOC and Trp1 and report here for the first time that Trp1 is assembled in signaling(More)
The exact role of TRPC1 in store-operated calcium influx channel (SOCC) function is not known. We have examined the effect of overexpression of full-length TRPC1, depletion of endogenous TRPC1, and expression of TRPC1 in which the proposed pore region (S5-S6, amino acids (aa) 557-620) was deleted or modified by site-directed mutagenesis on thapsigargin- and(More)
The trp gene family has been proposed to encode the store-operated Ca(2+) influx (SOC) channel(s). This study examines the role of Trp1 in the SOC mechanism of salivary gland cells. htrp1, htrp3, and Trp1 were detected in the human submandibular gland cell line (HSG). HSG cells stably transfected with htrp1alpha cDNA displayed (i) a higher level of Trp1,(More)
Ca(2+) is a major signaling molecule in both excitable and non-excitable cells, where it serves critical functions ranging from cell growth to differentiation to cell death. The physiological functions of these cells are tightly regulated in response to changes in cytosolic Ca(2+) that is achieved by the activation of several plasma membrane (PM) Ca(2+)(More)
Store depletion induces STIM1 to aggregate and relocate into clusters at ER-plasma membrane junctions where it functionally interacts with and activates plasma membrane channels that mediate store-operated Ca(2+) entry (SOCE). Thus, the site of peripheral STIM1 clusters is critical for the regulation of SOCE. However, what determines the location of the(More)
TRPC1, a component of store-operated Ca2+ entry (SOCE) channels, is assembled in a complex with caveolin-1 (Cav1) and key Ca2+ signaling proteins. This study examines the role of Cav1 in the function of TRPC1. TRPC1 and Cav1 were colocalized in the plasma membrane region of human submandibular gland and Madin-Darby canine kidney cells. Full-length Cav1(More)
The mechanism(s) involved in regulation of store operated calcium entry in Darier's disease (DD) is not known. We investigated the distribution and function of transient receptor potential canonical (TRPC) in epidermal skin cells. DD patients demonstrated up-regulation of TRPC1, but not TRPC3, in the squamous layers. Ca2+ influx was significantly higher in(More)
Parkinson's disease is characterized by a progressive loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra zona compacta, and in other sub-cortical nuclei associated with a widespread occurrence of Lewy bodies. The cause of cell death in Parkinson's disease is still poorly understood, but a defect in mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation and enhanced(More)