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Parkinson's disease is characterized by a progressive loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra zona compacta, and in other sub-cortical nuclei associated with a widespread occurrence of Lewy bodies. The cause of cell death in Parkinson's disease is still poorly understood, but a defect in mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation and enhanced(More)
The mechanism(s) involved in agonist-stimulation of TRPC3 channels is not yet known. Here we demonstrate that TRPC3-N terminus interacts with VAMP2 and alphaSNAP. Further, endogenous and exogenously expressed TRPC3 colocalized and coimmunoprecipitated with SNARE proteins in neuronal and epithelial cells. Imaging of GFP-TRPC3 revealed its localization in the(More)
We have reported that internal Ca2+ store depletion in HSY cells stimulates a nonselective cation current which is distinct from I(CRAC) in RBL cells and TRPC1-dependent I(SOC) in HSG cells (Liu, X., Groschner, K., and Ambudkar, I. S. (2004) J. Membr. Biol. 200, 93-104). Here we have analyzed the molecular composition of this channel. Both thapsigargin (Tg)(More)
The Ran-binding protein 2 (RanBP2) is a vertebrate mosaic protein composed of four interspersed RanGTPase binding domains (RBDs), a variable and species-specific zinc finger cluster domain, leucine-rich, cyclophilin, and cyclophilin-like (CLD) domains. Functional mapping of RanBP2 showed that the domains, zinc finger and CLD, between RBD1 and RBD2, and RBD3(More)
Individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD) experience a progressive decline in motor function as a result of selective loss of dopaminergic (DA) neurons in the substantia nigra. The mechanism(s) underlying the loss of DA neurons is not known. Here, we show that a neurotoxin that causes a disease that mimics PD upon administration to mice, because it induces(More)
Calcium is an essential intracellular messenger and serves critical cellular functions in both excitable and non-excitable cells. Most of the physiological functions in these cells are uniquely regulated by changes in cytosolic Ca2+ levels ([Ca2+](i)), which are achieved via various mechanisms. One of these mechanism(s) is activated by the release of Ca2+(More)
Multiple cytokines are secreted in the brain during pro-inflammatory conditions and likely affect neuron survival. Previously, we demonstrated that glutamate and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) kill neurons via activation of the N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) and TNFalpha receptors, respectively. This report continues characterizing the signaling(More)
The mechanism involved in [Ca(2+)](i)-dependent feedback inhibition of store-operated Ca(2+) entry (SOCE) is not yet known. Expression of Ca(2+)-insensitive calmodulin (Mut-CaM) but not wild-type CaM increased SOCE and decreased its Ca(2+)-dependent inactivation. Expression of TrpC1 lacking C terminus aa 664-793 (TrpC1DeltaC) also attenuated(More)
Mammalian homologues of the Drosophila canonical Transient Receptor Potential (TRPC) protein have been proposed to encode the store-operated Ca2+ influx (SOC) channel(s). This study examines the role of TRPC1 in the SOC mechanism of retinal cells. htrpc1 transcript was detected in bovine retinal and in human adult retinal pigment epithelial (ARPE) cells.(More)
Store-operated Ca(2+) entry (SOCE) is activated by redistribution of STIM1 into puncta in discrete ER-plasma membrane junctional regions where it interacts with and activates store-operated channels (SOCs). The factors involved in precise targeting of the channels and their retention at these specific microdomains are not yet defined. Here we report that(More)