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The differentiation of multipotent cells into undesirable lineages is a significant risk factor when performing cell therapy. In muscular diseases, myofiber loss can be associated with progressive fat accumulation that is one of the primary factors leading to decline of muscular strength. Therefore, to avoid any contribution of injected multipotent cells to(More)
The essential role of CCAAT/enhancer binding proteins (C/EBPs) beta and delta for adipocyte differentiation has been clearly established. In preadipocytes, their expression is up-regulated by the activation of leukemia inhibitory factor receptor (LIF-R) and prostacyclin receptor (IP-R) via the extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) pathway and cAMP(More)
Here, we report the isolation of a human multipotent adipose-derived stem (hMADS) cell population from adipose tissue of young donors. hMADS cells display normal karyotype; have active telomerase; proliferate >200 population doublings; and differentiate into adipocytes, osteoblasts, and myoblasts. Flow cytometry analysis indicates that hMADS cells are(More)
Muscle disorders such as Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) still need effective treatments, and mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) may constitute an attractive cell therapy alternative because they are multipotent and accessible in adult tissues. We have previously shown that human multipotent adipose-derived stem (hMADS) cells were able to restore dystrophin(More)
The presence of brown adipose tissue (BAT) in human adults opens attractive perspectives to treat metabolic disorders. Indeed, BAT dissipates energy as heat via uncoupling protein (UCP)1. Brown adipocytes are located in specific deposits or can emerge among white fat through the so-called browning process. Although numerous inducers have been shown to drive(More)
Identification of molecular mechanisms involved in generation of different types of adipocytes is progressing substantially in mice. However, much less is known regarding characterization of brown (BAP) and white adipocyte progenitors (WAPs) in humans, highlighting the need for an in vitro model of human adipocyte development. Here, we report a procedure to(More)
BACKGROUND In severe obesity, as well as in normal development, the growth of adipose tissue is the result of an increase in adipocyte size and numbers, which is underlain by the stimulation of adipogenic differentiation of precursor cells. A better knowledge of the pathways that regulate adipogenesis is therefore essential for an improved understanding of(More)
OBJECTIVE Growth of white adipose tissue takes place in normal development and in obesity. A pool of adipose progenitors is responsible for the formation of new adipocytes and for the potential of this tissue to expand in response to chronic energy overload. However, factors controlling self-renewal of human adipose progenitors are largely unknown. We(More)
BACKGROUND Multipotent stem cells exist within adipose tissue throughout life. An abnormal recruitment of these adipose precursor cells could participate to hyperplasia of adipose tissue observed in severe obesity or to hypoplasia of adipose tissue observed in lipodystrophy. Therefore, pharmacological molecules that control the pool of stem cells in adipose(More)
Adipose tissue is an alternative source of mesenchymal stem cells and human adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) display an attractive and substantial therapeutic potential when transplanted in animal models. To this end, an understanding of ASC biology is necessary and the knowledge of mechanisms that maintain ASCs in an undifferentiated state with no loss of(More)