Brigitte T. Wildemann

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Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) is a rare CNS inflammatory disorder that predominantly affects the optic nerves and spinal cord. Recent serological findings strongly suggest that NMO is a distinct disease rather than a subtype of multiple sclerosis. In NMO, serum antibodies, collectively known as NMO-IgG, characteristically bind to cerebral microvessels, pia(More)
The diagnostic and pathophysiological relevance of antibodies to aquaporin-4 (AQP4-Ab) in patients with neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders (NMOSD) has been intensively studied. However, little is known so far about the clinical impact of AQP4-Ab seropositivity. To analyse systematically the clinical and paraclinical features associated with NMO(More)
OBJECTIVES To describe the clinical, CSF, and radiologic findings and long-term follow-up in a cohort of patients with acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM), and to determine possible prognostic factors for progression to MS. METHODS Forty adults (28 women, mean age 33.5 years) diagnosed with ADEM were analyzed. Clinical symptoms, cranial MRI and(More)
BACKGROUND Recently, a highly specific serum autoantibody was discovered in patients with neuromyelitis optica, called NMO-IgG, and aquaporin-4, the most abundant water channel in the CNS, was identified as the target antigen. Several assays for the detection of NMO-IgG/AQP4-Ab have been described. Tests based on recombinant human AQP4 have been repeatedly(More)
Indirect mechanisms are implicated in the pathogenesis of the dementia associated with human immunodeficiency virus-type 1 (HIV-1) infection. Proinflammatory molecules such as tumor necrosis factor alpha and eicosanoids are elevated in the central nervous system of patients with HIV-1-related dementia. Nitric oxide (NO) is a potential mediator of neuronal(More)
Antibodies to aquaporin-4 (also known as AQP4-Ab or NMO-IgG) are sensitive and highly specific serum markers of autoimmune neuromyelitis optica (NMO). Second-generation recombinant diagnostic assays can detect AQP4-Ab in ≥80% of patients with NMO, and a role for AQP4-Ab in the pathophysiology of this condition was corroborated by a series of in vitro(More)
In 70-80% of cases, neuromyelitis optica (NMO) is associated with highly specific serum auto-antibodies to aquaporin-4 (termed AQP4-Ab or NMO-IgG). Recent evidence strongly suggests that AQP4-Ab are directly involved in the immunopathogenesis of NMO. To assess the frequency, syndrome specificity, diagnostic relevance, and origin of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)(More)
BACKGROUND Neuromyelitis optica (NMO, Devic disease) is a severely disabling autoimmune disorder of the CNS, which was considered a subtype of multiple sclerosis (MS) for many decades. Recently, however, highly specific serum autoantibodies (termed NMO-IgG or AQP4-Ab) have been discovered in a subset (60-80%) of patients with NMO. These antibodies were(More)
BACKGROUND A polyspecific, intrathecal humoral immune response against neurotropic viruses such as measles, rubella and varicella zoster virus (MRZ reaction, MRZR) is present in 80-100% of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), but has not to date been evaluated in patients with neuromyelitis optica (NMO). AIMS To evaluate whether MRZR distinguishes NMO(More)
The suppressive function of regulatory T cells (T(reg)) is impaired in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. The mechanism underlying the T(reg) functional defect is unknown. T(reg) mature in the thymus and the majority of cells circulating in the periphery rapidly adopt a memory phenotype. Because our own previous findings suggest that the thymic output of T(More)