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We studied the central representation of pudendal afferents arising from the clitoral nerves in 15 healthy adult female subjects using electrical dorsal clitoral nerve stimulation and fMRI. As a control body region, we electrically stimulated the right hallux in eight subjects. In a block design experiment, we applied bilateral clitoral stimulation and(More)
AIMS Using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) we investigated the cortical and subcortical representations during bladder filling and the effect of simultaneous stimulation of the dorsal clitoral nerve on these cortical and subcortical structures. METHODS After approval of the local ethics committee, 8 healthy females were included. Prior to(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this functional urodynamic experiment in healthy women was to study the effect of duloxetine, which is a combined serotonin and norepinephrine (5-HT/NE) reuptake inhibitor, on urethral resting pressure, excitability of pudendal motor neurons, and urethral sphincter contractility. METHODS In 11 healthy female subjects three baseline(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess the incidence of post-traumatic syringomyelia (PTS), to correlate the presence of PTS with its most common signs and symptoms, and to compare results from the Swiss Paraplegic Centre with those reported in the medical literature. METHODS A total of 449 recent traumatic paraplegic and tetraplegic patients admitted to the Swiss(More)
OBJECTIVES AND METHODS To assess the impairment of supraspinal control over spinal sympathetic centres and the occurrence of autonomic dysreflexia in patients with spinal cord injury. Autonomic dysreflexia is caused by the disconnection of spinal sympathetic centres from supraspinal control and is characterised by paroxysmal hypertensive episodes caused by(More)
We have learned that micturition is comprised of two basic phases: storage and emptying; during bladder emptying, the pontine and periaqueductal gray (PAG) micturition center ensures coordinated inhibition of striated sphincter and pelvic floor muscles and relaxation of the internal urethral sphincter while the detrusor muscle contracts. Due to several(More)
AIMS To present new strategies of pelvic nerves stimulation to enhance micturition, to control spasticity, and to recover locomotion in paraplegics. METHODS Three consecutive patients-Th5, Th7, and Th10 spinal cord injured-underwent laparoscopic transperitoneal implantation of octipolar electrodes to the sciatic and the pudendal nerves and one double(More)
INTRODUCTION This manuscript summarizes the work of Committee 10 on neurologic bladder and bowel of the International Consultation on Incontinence in 2008-2009. As the data are very large the outcome is presented in different manuscripts. This manuscript deals with neurologic urinary incontinence. METHODS Through in debt literature review all aspects of(More)
AIMS Pudendal nerve stimulation is known to have a potential modulative effect on bladder function. However, even if its efficiency has been established for various neurogenic and non-neurogenic bladder dysfunctions, the underlying neuronal mechanism, and the involved pathways in humans remain unknown. In this prospective study we focused on the effects of(More)
In recent years, functional imaging studies have revealed a supraspinal network, which is involved in perception and processing of bladder distention. Very little information exists on the cortical representation of C-fiber transmitted temperature sensation of the human bladder, although C-fibers seem to be involved in the pathomechanisms of bladder(More)