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STUDY DESIGN Review article. OBJECTIVES To provide a consensus expert review of the treatment modality for transanal irrigation (TAI). METHODS A consensus group of specialists from a range of nations and disciplines who have experience in prescribing and monitoring patients using TAI worked together assimilating both the emerging literature and rapidly(More)
Vesicourethral dysfunction is very frequent in multiple sclerosis (MS) and has functional consequences for patients' quality of life and also an organic impact following complications of the neurogenic bladder on the upper urinary tract. While the functional impact and its management are well documented in the literature, the organic impact remains(More)
PURPOSE We determined the safety and efficacy of each of 2 doses of botulinum toxin type A (BTX-A) (200 or 300 U BOTOX) injected into the detrusor for urinary incontinence caused by neurogenic detrusor overactivity of predominantly spinal cord origin. MATERIALS AND METHODS A total of 59 patients with urinary incontinence caused by neurogenic detrusor(More)
We have investigated physiological changes in 21 patients with a spinal cord injury who were fitted with the RGO-II hybrid orthosis. All parameters were measured before and after a training programme in order to evaluate the benefit of gait rehabilitation, cardiovascular adaptation, constipation, spasticity and osteoporosis. A tendency for the improvement(More)
By means of a multicentric study in six rehabilitation centres, we assessed the RGO-II orthosis to restore functional gait in patients with spinal cord injuries. The 26 subjects participating in the study had spastic complete paraplegia. Twenty one had progressed to the training programme and 19 were able to stand up alone. The trained subject's walking(More)
This study aims to demonstrate predictive factors for post traumatic syringomyelia (PTS), and in particular to correlate the role of insufficiency of reduction of a spinal fracture with the occurrence of syringomyelia. One hundred and twenty-eight spinal cord injured patients (SCI) were studied during the years 1992 and 1993. Among them, 75 underwent a(More)
We report 11 patients with the locked in syndrome (LIS). The functional outcome was good in four patients with notable motor recovery, but motor deficit remained seriously disturbed in seven patients. All of the patients regained some distal control of finger and toe movements, often allowing functional use of a digital switch. The independence thereby(More)
BACKGROUND Quality of life (QoL) may be severely affected in patients with spinal cord injury (SCI) and resulting urinary difficulties (UD). There is, however, a need for instruments capable of measuring QoL in these patients. The aim of this study was to develop and validate a questionnaire suitable for use in SCI patients with urinary disorders. METHODS(More)
OBJECTIVES This systematic literature review discusses the efficacy and safety of botulinum toxin type A (Botox) intradetrusor injections in adults with neurogenic detrusor overactivity (NDO) and urinary incontinence or overactive bladder symptoms of neurogenic origin (NOAB). METHODS A MEDLINE and EMBASE search for clinical studies with botulinum toxin A(More)
INTRODUCTION The pharmacological treatment of patients with spinal cord injury (SCI) pain remains challenging despite new available drugs. Such treatment should always be viewed in the context of global pain management in these patients. To date few clinical trials have been specifically devoted to this topic, and the implementation of treatments is(More)