Brigitte Palouzier-Paulignan

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The olfactory bulb, first relay of olfactory pathways, is densely innervated by serotoninergic centrifugal fibers originating from the raphe nuclei. Although serotonin innervation was reported to be involved in olfactory learning in mammals, the action of this neurotransmitter on its putative cellular targets has been never described through unitary(More)
Taurine (TAU) is a free amino acid that is particularly abundant in the olfactory bulb. In the frog, TAU is located in the terminations of the primary olfactory axons and in the granular cell layer. TAU action seems to be associated with gamma amino butyric acid (GABA), the main inhibitory neurotransmitter involved in the processing of the sensory signal.(More)
Until now, in amphibians, response odor properties of primary cortical neurons had never been investigated. Furthermore, very few data on this subject are available in other species. This prompted us to explore the functional properties of olfactory cortical neurons at rest and in response to odors. To achieve this, our experience with odor coding in the(More)
The Zucker fa/fa rat has been widely used as an animal model to study obesity, since it recapitulates most of its behavioral and metabolic dysfunctions, such as hyperphagia, hyperglycemia and insulin resistance. Although it is well established that olfaction is under nutritional and hormonal influences, little is known about the impact of metabolic(More)
Recently published work and emerging research efforts have suggested that the olfactory system is intimately linked with the endocrine systems that regulate or modify energy balance. Although much attention has been focused on the parallels between taste transduction and neuroendocrine controls of digestion due to the novel discovery of taste receptors and(More)
GABA, the major inhibitory neurotransmitter involved in information processing in the olfactory bulb, is hypothesized to act through GABA(B) receptors by depressing primary neurotransmitter release at the level of olfactory nerve axon endings. The present study was designed to analyze GABA(B) receptor-mediated inhibition mechanisms by performing whole-cell(More)
In mammals, the sense of smell is modulated by the status of satiety, which is mainly signaled by blood-circulating peptide hormones. However, the underlying mechanisms linking olfaction and food intake are poorly understood. Here we investigated the effects of two anorectic peptides, insulin and leptin, on the functional properties of olfactory sensory(More)
In the brain, glucose homeostasis of extracellular fluid is crucial to the point that systems specifically dedicated to glucose sensing are found in areas involved in energy regulation and feeding behavior. Olfaction is a major sensory modality regulating food consumption. Nutritional status in turn modulates olfactory detection. Recently it has been(More)
In the frog, unitary electrophysiological recordings have been extensively used to investigate odor processing along the olfactory pathways. By comparing spontaneous and odor-evoked activities of neuroreceptor, mitral and cortical cells, we have collected fundamental data relating to coding abilities of the three olfactory levels, the olfactory mucosa, the(More)
The distribution of vasopressin binding sites in the hypoglossal nucleus of newborn rats was determined using autoradiography on film and a radioiodinated vasopressor antagonist. These sites predominated in the ventromedial and dorsal divisions of the nucleus. The effect of vasopressin on hypoglossal neurones was studied in brainstem slices of newborn(More)