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BACKGROUND Reference values of numerous micronutrients at different gestational ages (GA) have not been yet reported based on large series. AIMS This study aimed to establish the reference range for zinc, copper, selenium, vitamin A, vitamin E, retinol binding protein, transthyretin, albumin, transferrin and ceruloplasmin in neonates and to give the(More)
This study was carried out in metabolically stable infants aged from one to six months receiving artificial food. The lipid serum fraction presenting changes characteristic of essential fatty acid (EFA) deficiency was determined. A preliminary study (n = 13 samples) showed that analysis of total fatty acids (TFA) and of phospholipids (PL) was more(More)
Quantitative variations of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) were studied in various tissues: red blood cells (RBC), hepatic microsomes, kidney, skeletal muscle and heart of young rats fed either a control diet (n = 7) or an essential fatty acid (EFA)-deficient diet (n = 7). After 4 wk, the EFA-[deficient rats had significantly lower proportions of (n-6)(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine whether beta carotene is therapeutically equivalent to retinyl palmitate in the formulation currently recommended by the World Health Organisation. DESIGN Randomised blind equivalence trial. SETTING Rural area in Senegal. SUBJECTS Children aged 2-15 years suffering from vitamin A deficiency as defined by abnormal results on eye(More)
The prevalence of vitamin A deficiency among two to ten years old children in a rural area of Mali was assessed by ophthalmic examination, determination of plasma retinol levels and impression cytology with transfer tests. A Public Health problem of vitamin A deficiency was identified in this rural area by: the prevalence of nightblindness significantly (p(More)
Adipose tissues are differently involved in lipid metabolism and obesity according to their type and location. Increasing reports stress on the impact of redox metabolism on obesity and metabolic syndrome. The aim of this work is to investigate the site-specific redox metabolism in three different adipose tissues and its changes occurring in obesity. We(More)
The fumigation of stored foodstuffs with phosphine (PH3) is likely to become widely used in the future because of its technological efficiency and the rapid desorption of the fumigant. In a long-term feeding study of a phosphine-fumigated diet, rats were monitored for weight gain, food intake, plasma chemistry, haematology and urinary changes.(More)
We report the case of a 32-year-old man with portal hypertension without cirrhosis due to chronic vitamin A intoxication. Portal hypertension revealed by oesophageal varice rupture progressively worsened and ascites occurred 5 years after the patient stopped vitamin A intake. Initially, serum retinyl palmitate concentration was increased whereas serum(More)
The role of inflammation and oxidative stress in the development of obesity and associated metabolic disorders is under debate. We investigated the redox metabolism in a non-diabetic obesity model, i.e. 11-week-old obese Zucker rats. Antioxidant enzyme activities, lipophilic antioxidant (alpha-tocopherol, coenzymes Q) and hydrophilic antioxidant(More)
Thiamine deficiency is recognized in varied parts of the world. In Asia, it remains an important public health problem where highly polished rice is the major staple food and where other primary dietary sources of thiamine are in short supply. Beriberi, or clinically apparent thiamine deficiency, may present a variety of syndromes including myocardial(More)