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Rho small GTPase regulates cell morphology, adhesion and cytokinesis through the actin cytoskeleton. We have identified a protein, p140mDia, as a downstream effector of Rho. It is a mammalian homolog of Drosophila diaphanous, a protein required for cytokinesis, and belongs to a family of formin-related proteins containing repetitive polyproline stretches.(More)
Intracellular propulsion of Listeria monocytogenes is the best understood form of motility dependent on actin polymerization. We have used in vitro motility assays of Listeria in platelet and brain extracts to elucidate the function of the focal adhesion proteins of the Ena (Drosophila Enabled)/VASP (vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein) family in(More)
Nuclear export of proteins containing leucine-rich nuclear export signals (NESs) is mediated by the export receptor CRM1/exportin1. However, additional protein factors interacting with leucine-rich NESs have been described. Here, we investigate human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) Rev-mediated nuclear export and Mason-Pfizer monkey virus (MPMV)(More)
In epithelial cells, alpha-, beta-, and gamma-catenin are involved in linking the peripheral microfilament belt to the transmembrane protein E-cadherin. alpha-Catenin exhibits sequence homologies over three regions to vinculin, another adherens junction protein. While vinculin is found in cell-matrix and cell-cell contacts, alpha-catenin is restricted to(More)
Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by the loss of alpha-motoneurons in the spinal cord followed by atrophy of skeletal muscles. SMA-determining candidate genes, SMN1 and SMN2, have been identified on human chromosome 5q. The corresponding SMN protein is expressed ubiquitously. It is coded by seven exons and(More)
Nuclei of amphibian oocytes contain large amounts of actin, mostly in unpolymerized or short-polymer form. When antibodies to actin or actin-binding proteins (fragmin and the actin modulator from mammalian smooth muscle) are injected into nuclei of living oocytes of Pleurodeles waltlii, transcription of the lampbrush chromosomes, but not of the rRNA genes,(More)
We have used polyclonal and monoclonal antibodies raised against calf thymus profilin to localize the corresponding protein in translocating, spreading, and stationary rat fibroblasts. Immunofluorescence of whole cells and immunogold labeling on ventral membranes of lysis-squirted cells showed that profilin was markedly enriched in the highly dynamic(More)
Vinculin, a major structural component of vertebrate cell-cell and cell-matrix adherens junctions, has been found to interact with several other junctional components. In this report, we have identified and characterized a binding site for filamentous actin. These results included studies with gizzard vinculin, its proteolytic head and tail fragments, and(More)
During the onset of transformation, Rous sarcoma virus-infected cells undergo characteristic morphological changes that reflect the biochemical events induced by the viral src gene. Temperature downshift experiments using chick embryo cells infected with transformation-defective temperature-sensitive viral mutants have shown two major morphological changes(More)
BACKGROUND Vinculin and its isoform metavinculin are protein components of intercalated discs, structures that anchor thin filaments and transmit contractile force between cardiac myocytes. We tested the hypothesis that heritable dysfunction of metavinculin may contribute to the pathogenesis of dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). METHODS AND RESULTS We(More)