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BACKGROUND Imaging and electroencephalographic studies have reported inter-hemispheric asymmetries in frontal cortical regions associated with depression. This study aimed at comparing motor corticospinal excitability assessed by methods of transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) between the right and left hemispheres in patients with major depression and(More)
In order to clarify the relationship between developmental dysphasia and EEG abnormalities, paroxysmal activities during sleep were studied in a series of 24 children with expressive developmental dysphasia (mean age 8 years) and compared to a control group of 39 children (mean age 9 years). The children of both groups were selected excluding cases with(More)
OBJECTIVE Emergency situations require a rapid and precise diagnostic approach. However, the exact role and value of the electroencephalogram (EEG) in emergent conditions have yet to be clearly defined. Our objective was to determine why clinicians order an emergency EEG, to assess to what extent it helps establish a correct diagnosis and to evaluate the(More)
Two hundred and thirty-six adult epileptic outpatients were classified twice: firstly according to the time of seizures reported by the patient or his family in diurnal, nocturnal, awaking and diffuse epilepsies (Es) and secondly according to the sensitivity to sleep or waking of the interictal paroxysmal activities (PA) observed during a polysomnographic(More)
The aim of this study was to compare the mechanical and electromyographic (EMG) characteristics of soleus motor units activated during maximal H reflex and direct M response among subjects with different histories of physical activity. Power-trained athletes produced stronger twitches, with a higher rate of twitch tension buildup and relaxation, than their(More)
In a population of 11 children with frequent spike waves during non REM sleep who had no neurological symptoms between birth and their first symptom, 3 groups were compared according to their neuropsychological performances. In the first group, the children had no intellectual deficit, in the second group, they had an acquired aphasia as in the(More)
Incidence of multiple sclerosis (MS) was prospectively determined within the population of the city of Dijon (94,000 inhabitants under 60 years old) at 47 degrees northern latitude, in Burgundy, France. All the incident cases were diagnosed according to the criteria of Poser, associated to the study of cerebrospinal fluid, evoked potentials and cerebral(More)
Thirty-four adults with partial epilepsy underwent polysomnographic sessions. Three sub-groups of patients were determined by timing their EEG paroxysmal activities (PA) according to the possible increase in PA related to their sleeping or awake state. Twenty-seven had an increase in PA when sleeping, 5 when awake and no significant difference was found in(More)
Glioblastoma multiform is one of the most devastating primary tumors in neurooncology. We analyzed prognosis factors in patients with grade IV glioblastoma treated between 1993 and 1997. The 22 long-term survival patients (survival over 26 months) were extracted from our 30 years archives and the 2 populations are compared. The incidence was(More)
Sensory feedback from the moving limbs contributes to the regulation of animal and human locomotion. However, the question of the specific role of the various modalities is still open. Further, functional loss of leg afferent fibres due to peripheral neuropathy does not always lead to major alteration in the gait pattern. In order to gain further insight on(More)