Brigitte Koenig

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Phenotypic, genotypic, and toxin gene analyses have not yet been done all in one for the Nigerian Staphylococcus aureus population. This study provides a comprehensive overview of the molecular epidemiology and genetic diversity of S. aureus strains at the largest university clinic in Ibadan, Nigeria. From 1,300 patients' clinical samples collected at the(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the arrangement of myocardial bridges. DESIGN A necropsy study of 90 consecutive hearts (56 male, 34 female). RESULTS Myocardial bridges, either single or multiple, were seen in 50 (55.6%) of the 90 hearts. The left anterior descending artery was the most commonly affected artery. Thirty five of the 50 hearts which contained in total(More)
The analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequences has been the technique generally used to study the evolution and taxonomy of staphylococci. However, the results of this method do not correspond to the results of polyphasic taxonomy, and the related species cannot always be distinguished from each other. Thus, new phylogenetic markers for Staphylococcus spp. are(More)
The state of knowledge of contaminants in Canadian Arctic biota of the freshwater and terrestrial ecosystems has advanced enormously since the publication of the first major reviews by Lockhart et al. and Thomas et al. in The Science of the Total Environment in 1992. The most significant gains are new knowledge of spatial trends of organochlorines and heavy(More)
Growth dynamics of Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Burkholderia cepacia, and Staphylococcus aureus in a batch and chemostat, were investigated as a laboratory model system for persistent infections in cystic fibrosis. Most species-specific enumeration methods for mixed cultures are laborious or only qualitative, and therefore impede generation of quantitative data(More)
Most lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs) in children under the age of 3 years are due to respiratory syncytial virus (RSV). Epidemiological, host, and viral factors eventually account for the severity of LRTIs, but they do not completely explain it. Human metapneumovirus (hMPV) was recently identified in children with LRTIs. In a population-based(More)
The secretion of the Panton-Valentine leukocidin (Luk-PV) but not of another leukocidin (Luk-R) from Staphylococcus aureus strains is correlated with severe pyodermic infections (dermonecrosis). The effects of both Luk-PV and Luk-R in amounts of 0-5000 ng on inflammatory mediator release from human leukocytes were studied. Luk-PV but not Luk-R induced a(More)
Diarrhoea occurs frequently in neutropenic patients with acute leukaemia receiving chemotherapy and may be caused by either infection- or drug-induced cytotoxicity. Since Clostridium difficile is the most common cause of nosocomial infectious diarrhoea in non-haematologic patients, we were interested in its incidence in patients with acute myeloid leukaemia(More)
We studied the effect of leukocidin from Staphylococcus aureus V8 strains (Luk-PV) on the generation of Leukotriene B4 (LTB4) and its metabolites from human polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs). Significant amounts of LTB4 were generated by PMNs after leukocidin exposure in a time- and dose-dependent manner, as shown by reversed-phase high-performance(More)
Early detection of the causing microorganism and timely therapeutic intervention are crucial for improved outcome of patients with sepsis. Quite recently, we evaluated the technical and diagnostic feasibility of a commercial multiplex real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) (LightCycler SeptiFast® assay) for detection of blood stream infections in a(More)