Brigitte Jenewein

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In spite of the present belief that latent cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection drives CD8+ T-cell differentiation and induces premature immune senescence, no systematic studies have so far been performed to compare phenotypical and functional changes in the CD8+ T-cell repertoire in CMV-infected and noninfected persons of different age groups. In the present(More)
Little information is available on post-vaccination antibody concentrations and the duration of protection in persons of more than 20 years of age. We, therefore, measured antibodies specific for tetanus (TT) or tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) virus in 734 adults (age 18-93 years, 382 females and 352 males) and evaluated these data in connection with the time(More)
In this study we analysed the effects of age on T and B lymphocytes in human lymph nodes by comparing lymphocyte subsets in paraffin sections from lymph node tissue taken from healthy young and elderly people. We demonstrate that the relative number of CD8(+) T cells decreases with age but that the relative number of CD4(+) T cells does not. There is also a(More)
An increased production of proinflammatory cytokines occurs in a high percentage of elderly persons and is associated with an impaired humoral immune response. However, high IL-4 production has also been observed in old age. We now demonstrate an IL-4-producing subpopulation of CD8+ T cells in a subgroup of healthy older adults. This T cell subset is(More)
Recently, a key role in memory T cell homing and survival has been attributed to the bone marrow (BM) in mice. In the human BM, the repertoire, function, and survival niches of CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells have not yet been elucidated. In this study, we demonstrate that CD4(+) and CD8(+) effector memory T cells accumulate in the human BM and are in a(More)
High-risk human papillomaviruses (HPV) are the main etiologic factor for the development of cervical cancer. Infections by these viruses have been detected in virtually all cervical cancers. C-33A is one of the rare cervical cancer derived cell lines considered as HPV-negative. Employing monoclonal antibodies raised against a conformational epitope of the(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of the study was to evaluate, if elderly persons are sufficiently protected against infectious diseases by vaccination. PROBANDS AND METHODS 300 elderly (> 60 years) and 300 young (< 35 years) persons from five Austrian cities were recruited according to the criteria of a field study. Antibody concentrations against tetanus, diphtheria,(More)
Tetanus toxoid (TT) antibodies of 447 adult persons aged 27-69 years were investigated and analyzed in relationship with the time span since the last vaccination against tetanus as well as the serum concentration of neopterin. Neopterin is a pteridine, which is produced by monocytes/macrophages upon stimulation with the type 1 T cell-derived cytokine(More)
Recently, the BM has been shown to play a key role in regulating the survival and function of memory T cells. However, the impact of aging on these processes has not yet been studied. We demonstrate that the number of CD4⁺ and CD8⁺ T cells in the BM is maintained during aging. However, the composition of the T cell pool in the aged BM is altered with a(More)
So far, very few studies exist on the naïve T cell population of elderly persons. Only recently an increase in the percentage of long lived CD4(+)CD31(-) naïve T cells has been claimed to occur with aging. We, therefore, characterised CD31(+) and CD31(-) CD45RA(+) CD4(+) T cells in young and healthy elderly persons. The production of IL-2 and IFN-gamma by(More)