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The susceptibility of immature rat brain to neurotoxicity of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) has provided a widely used paradigm to study excitotoxicity relevant to acute neurodegenerative diseases such as cerebral ischemia. In this study, excitotoxicity was induced via injection of ouabain (1 mM/0.5 microL), a Na+/K+ -ATPase-inhibitor, into neonatal rat brain(More)
Individuals with partial HSA21 trisomies and mice with partial MMU16 trisomies containing an extra copy of the DYRK1A gene present various alterations in brain morphogenesis. They present also learning impairments modeling those encountered in Down syndrome. Previous MRI and histological analyses of a transgenic mice generated using a human YAC construct(More)
A possible treatment for Duchenne muscular dystrophies would be to compensate for dystrophin loss by increasing the expression of utrophin, another cytoskeletal protein of the muscle membrane. We previously found that L-arginine, the substrate for nitric oxide synthase, significantly increased utrophin level in muscle and targeted it to the sarcolemma.(More)
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is widely used to evaluate the consequences of traumatic brain injury (TBI) in both experimental and clinical studies. Improved assessment of experimental TBI using the same methods as those used in clinical investigations would help to translate laboratory research into clinical advances. Here our goal was to characterize(More)
Recent evidence supports a crucial role for matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) in blood-brain barrier (BBB) disruption and vasogenic edema formation after traumatic brain injury (TBI). Although the exact causes of MMP-9 upregulation after TBI are not fully understood, several arguments suggest a contribution of the enzyme poly(ADP-ribose)polymerase (PARP)(More)
It is generally believed that the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) changes measured by diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) in brain pathologies are related to alterations in the water compartments. The aim of this study was to elucidate the role of compartmentalization in DWI via biexponential analysis of the signal decay due to diffusion. DWI experiments(More)
Magnetic resonance spectroscopy studies in animal models of prion disease are very few and concern terminal stages of infection. In order to study earlier stages of the disease, we used in-vivo magnetic resonance spectroscopy in a mouse model of scrapie and, for the first time, in mice infected with a bovine spongiform encephalopathy strain. In bovine(More)
Cerebral hypoxia-ischemia is an important cause of brain injury in the newborn infant. Our purpose was to study magnetic resonance (MR) imaging changes in P7 rat brains submitted to permanent or reversible ischemia. Ischemia was induced by permanent electro-cauterization of the middle cerebral artery combined with a permanent or a transient (50 min) common(More)
The aim of this study was to demonstrate the feasibility of in vivo cell tracking to monitor anticancer cell therapy by means of a high-resolution noninvasive MRI method. Ovalbumin-specific splenocytes (OT-1) labeled with anionic gamma-Fe2O3 superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO) nanoparticles were adoptively transferred into C57BL/6 mice with growing(More)
Atelopus franciscus is a diurnal bufonid frog that lives in South-American tropical rain forests. As in many other frogs, males produce calls to defend their territories and attract females. However, this species is a so-called "earless" frog lacking an external tympanum and is thus anatomically deaf. Moreover, A. franciscus has no external vocal sac and(More)