Brigitte Gasser

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It is well established today that heterologous overexpression of proteins is connected with different stress reactions. The expression of a foreign protein at a high level may either directly limit other cellular processes by competing for their substrates, or indirectly interfere with metabolism, if their manufacture is blocked, thus inducing a stress(More)
The expression of heterologous proteins may exert severe stress on the host cells at different levels. Depending on the specific features of the product, different steps may be rate-limiting. For the secretion of recombinant proteins from yeast cells, folding and disulfide bond formation were identified as rate-limiting in several cases and the induction of(More)
BACKGROUND Pichia pastoris is widely used as a production platform for heterologous proteins and model organism for organelle proliferation. Without a published genome sequence available, strain and process development relied mainly on analogies to other, well studied yeasts like Saccharomyces cerevisiae. RESULTS To investigate specific features of growth(More)
Yeasts are attractive expression platforms for many recombinant proteins, and there is evidence for an important interrelation between the protein secretion machinery and environmental stresses. While adaptive responses to such stresses are extensively studied in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, little is known about their impact on the physiology of Pichia(More)
The number of available promoters for the protein production host Pichia pastoris is limited, and in most applications comprises the methanol inducible alcohol oxidase 1 (AOX1) promoter and the constitutive glyceraldehyde phosphate dehydrogenase (GAP) promoter. To close this gap, we identified 24 novel potential regulatory sequences and tested their(More)
The yeast Pichia pastoris is a widely used host organism for heterologous protein production. One of the basic steps for strain improvement is to ensure a sufficient level of transcription of the heterologous gene, based on promoter strength and gene copy number. To date, high-copy-number integrants of P. pastoris are achievable only by screening of random(More)
The impact of environmental factors on the productivity of yeast cells is poorly investigated so far. Therefore, it is a major concern to improve the understanding of cellular physiology of microbial protein production hosts, including the methylotrophic yeast Pichia pastoris. Two-Dimensional Fluorescence Difference Gel electrophoresis and protein(More)
Efficient production of heterologous proteins with yeasts and other eukaryotic hosts is often hampered by inefficient secretion of the product. Limitation of protein secretion has been attributed to a low folding rate, and a rational solution is the overexpression of proteins supporting folding, like protein disulfide isomerase (Pdi), or the unfolded(More)
BACKGROUND Secretion of heterologous proteins depends both on biomass concentration and on the specific product secretion rate, which in turn is not constant at varying specific growth rates. As fed batch processes usually do not maintain a steady state throughout the feed phase, it is not trivial to model and optimize such a process by mathematical means.(More)
Pichia pastoris is the most frequently used yeast system for heterologous protein production today. The last few years have seen several products based on this platform reach approval as biopharmaceutical drugs. Successful glycoengineering to humanize N-glycans is further fuelling this development. However, detailed understanding of the yeast's physiology,(More)