Brigitte Frank

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Obligate intracellular parasites of the phylum Apicomplexa exhibit gliding motility, a unique form of substrate-dependent locomotion essential for host cell invasion and shown to involve the parasite actin cytoskeleton and myosin motor(s). Toxoplasma gondii has been shown to express three class XIV myosins, TgM-A, -B, and -C. We identified an additional(More)
Glioblastoma is a lethal neoplasm resistant to conventional radiotherapy and chemotherapy. Natural born killer (NBK), also known as Bcl-2-interacting killer (BIK), is a death-promoting Bcl-2 family protein sharing with Bcl-2 only the Bcl homology 3 (BH3) domain. We here report that an adenoviral vector encoding NBK (Ad-NBK) uniformly induces cell death in(More)
In order to elucidate the reason for conflicting results that have been published previously on galectin-3 expression in human gliomas, we used single labeling and double labeling immunohistochemistry experiments to identify cellular origin and extent of galectin-3 positivity in 53 glioma-samples (16 glioblastomas, 21 anaplastic astrocytomas, 16 low-grade(More)
The protein tyrosine kinase inhibitor, genistein, has been reported to inhibit proliferation and to induce cell death in various non-solid and solid cancer cell lines. Herein, we examined the effects of genistein in several human malignant glioma cell lines. We found that genistein inhibited the proliferation of LN-18, LNT-229, LN-308 and T98G cells at EC50(More)
During recent decades, efforts have been made in several countries to diminish the negative environmental influence of dairy production. The main focus has been on nitrogen and phosphorus. Modern dairy production in Western Europe is often based on imported feed-stuffs, mostly protein-rich feeds. In Sweden at least, it is wished that the use of imported(More)
Migration and invasion are prerequisites for the neoplastic phenotype of malignant glioma. Ectopic expression of BCL-2 enhances migration and invasion of glioma cells and promotes their synthesis of transforming growth factor-beta2 (TGF-beta2). We here report that BCL-2-expressing cells show enhanced expression and activity of the proprotein convertase,(More)
Previously we defined a pathway of transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) and stromal cell-derived factor-1/CXC chemokine ligand 12 (SDF-1alpha/CXCL12) dependent migration of adult haematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HPC) towards glioma cells in vitro and their homing to experimental gliomas in vivo. Hypoxia is a critical aspect of the(More)
Due to its immunosuppressive properties, the cytokine transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta has become a promising target in the experimental treatment of human malignant gliomas. Here, we report that the antifibrotic drug 5-methyl-1-phenyl-2-(1H)-pyridone (pirfenidone, PFD) elicits growth-inhibitory effects and reduces TGF-beta2 protein levels in human(More)
BACKGROUND Many tumor cells are resistant to Apo2L/TRAIL-induced apoptosis in the absence of inhibitors of protein synthesis. Apo2L/TRAIL, in addition to induction of apoptosis, may therefore also activate survival pathways. METHODS Here we investigated whether such survival pathways mediate resistance to Apo2L.0-induced apoptosis in human glioma cells.(More)
Haematopoietic progenitor cells (HPC) are attracted by experimental gliomas in vivo. This attraction is further enhanced by irradiation or hypoxic preconditioning of the glioma cells. Adhesive interactions might be critical to the preferential accumulation of HPC within the glioma tissue. Here, we studied the interactions of HPC with endothelial cells.(More)