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Glioblastoma multiforme, a grade IV glioma, is the most frequently occurring and invasive primary tumor of the central nervous system, which causes about 4% of cancer-associated-deaths, making it one of the most fatal cancers. With present treatments, using state-of-the-art technologies, the median survival is about 14 months and 2 year survival rate is(More)
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are an at least 23 member family of calcium and zinc dependent enzymes implicated in many physiological and pathological processes. Asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and emphysema are diseases associated with an inflammation of the airways and lung parenchyma. In this review, we focus on the role played by(More)
We present the morphology and the laminar distribution of the serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) innervation of the cerebral cortex of patients who underwent cortical resection for partial seizures. The limits of the resections were established by stereoelectroencephalography. The 5-HT innervation was mapped by using an antiserum anti-5-HT. Two patients(More)
Purpose. Piroxicam is a poorly soluble NSAID, whose solubility is enhanced when included into β-cyclodextrin. The preparation of a piroxicam-β-cyclodextrin inclusion compound using supercritical CO2 was investigated. Methods. The solubility and the stability of piroxicam in supercritical CO2 were determined. Then, the influence of the temperature, the(More)
Deformable liposomes have been developed and evaluated as a novel topical and transdermal delivery system. Their mechanism of drug transport into and through the skin has been investigated but remains a much debated question. The present study concerns ex vivo diffusion experiments using pig ear skin in order to explain the penetration mechanism of(More)
Lipophilic drugs have limited solubility in phospholipid systems, hence maximum entrapment levels in liposomes are known to be low. "Drugs-in-cyclodextrin-in-liposome" systems were previously proposed to overcome this drawback but studies were limited to betaCD and HPbetaCD. In some cases, other cyclodextrins may be more interesting than betaCD or HPbetaCD,(More)
The ICH quality vision introduced the concept of quality by design (QbD), which requires a greater understanding of the raw material attributes, of process parameters, of their variability and their interactions. Microcrystalline cellulose (MCC) is one of the most important tableting excipients thanks to its outstanding dry binding properties, enabling the(More)
Incubation of bovine brain membranes with [gamma-33P]ATP phosphorylated mainly a 51-kDa band. Electrophoretic co-migration was observed for 33P- and [3H]flunitrazepam-labeled bands in both membrane fractions and in affinity-purified GABA(A) receptor (GABAA-R) preparations. An alpha-subunit monoclonal antibody adsorbed most of the radiolabeled-band,(More)
Cervical cancer induced by human papillomavirus (HPV) is the fourth highest mortality causing cancer in women despite the use of prophylactic vaccines. E6 targeting represents an attractive strategy to treat this cancer. Indeed, oncoprotein E6 is produced by keratinocytes infected by HPV and is partially responsible for carcinogenesis. E6 interferes with(More)
It is well known that cyclodextrins are able to extract lipids constituting membranes, increasing their fluidity and permeability. This behaviour towards biological membranes is directly linked to the toxicological effects of methylated cyclodextrins. However, confusion is currently made in the literature between the different methylated cyclodextrin(More)