Brigitte Charron

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PURPOSE To assess the impact of emergency management on mortality and morbidity of acute rupture of cerebral arteriovenous malformations resulting in deep coma in children, and the factors predicting outcome. METHODS Retrospective chart review of 20 children with a Glasgow Coma Scale < or = 8 with acute hemorrhagic stroke from a cerebral arteriovenous(More)
The shaken baby syndrome (SBS) is an important cause of developmental delay in infants. Epileptic seizures are a common feature of this syndrome. The aim if this study is to analyse the impact of the early and late seizures disorder. We have retrospectively reviewed the clinical and electrophysiological findings in a series of 404 children hospitalised with(More)
UNLABELLED To identify risk factors associated with death in traumatized children, we prospectively studied 507 consecutive patients (7+/-4 yr) admitted to a level I pediatric trauma center over a 3-yr period. Pediatric Trauma Score (PTS), Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score, and Injury Severity Score (ISS) were calculated. Age, injury mechanism, injury pattern,(More)
We studied 60 children undergoing neurosurgical procedures in the sitting position. Routine monitoring included ECG, pulse oximetry, invasive arterial pressure, in particular mean arterial pressure (MAP), and right atrial pressure (RAP). Children were allocated to two groups. In group B lower body positive pressure and positive end-expiratory pressure(More)
Objective: Using a weighted combination of the Revised Trauma Score (RTS), the Injury Severity Score (ISS), the type of injury (blunt or penetrating) and patient age, the TRISS method is used to calculate the probability of survival (ps) in trauma patients. The goal of this study was to compare the ability of the American Major Trauma Outcome Study (MTOS)(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess the effect of food on the pharmacokinetics of the anti-malarial amodiaquine (AQ, CAS 6398-98-7) and artesunate (AS, CAS 182824-33-5) and their active metabolites [desethylamodiaquine (DSA, CAS 81496-81-3) and dihydroartemisinin (DHA, CAS79352-78-6), respectively] in healthy volunteers. METHODS In an open, two-way crossover study, 22(More)
Pain is a potential complication of cystic fibrosis (CF), but its consequences in daily life and other issues of pain management are not yet clearly understood. We undertook a comparative study of children and adults with CF to assess the prevalence of pain symptoms, their characteristics and treatment, their impact on daily quality of life, and the(More)
A high incidence of unsuccessful attempts and complications has been reported when emergency tracheal intubation (ETI) is performed outside the hospital in severely injured children. The aim of this prospective series was to analyse the incidence and related risk factors of complications of emergency tracheal intubation. The time to complete successful ETI(More)
The most frequent space-occupying cerebral lesions in children are brain tumors, mostly posterior fossa tumors and haematoma resulting from arteriovenous malformation rupture. They result in intracranial hypertension, directly or by compression of the cerebrospinal fluid pathway resulting in hydrocephalus. Their localization and compressive effects are(More)
We have assessed the potential clinical benefit of a new echo-Doppler device (Dynemo 3000) which provides a continuous measure of aortic blood flow (ABF) using an aortic flowmeter and a paediatric oesophageal probe, during repair of craniosynostosis in infants under general anaesthesia. The data recorded included: ABFi (i = indexed to body surface area),(More)