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Perception of odours can provoke explicit reactions such as judgements of intensity or pleasantness, and implicit output such as skin conductance or heart rate variations. The main purpose of the present experiment was to ascertain: (i) the correlation between odour ratings (intensity, arousal, pleasantness and familiarity) and activation of the autonomic(More)
Pleasantness and arousal have been identified as the main dimensions of affective responses to environment. Pleasantness is defined as the degree of favorable feelings a subject can experience under given circumstances. Arousal is defined as the degree of excitement (general activation) the subject feels under these circumstances. In visual and auditory(More)
The role of the piriform cortex (PC) in olfactory information processing remains mainly unknown. Indeed, until recently, only a few studies have investigated the response of PC neurons to odours and these studies did not take into account the functional heterogeneity of the PC previously described using an electrical stimulation paradigm. In this(More)
The objective of the present study was to determine whether an olfactory prime could modulate behavior and visual event-related potentials (ERPs) obtained in response to a visual stimulation representing female faces. More specifically, we tested the hypothesis that a pleasant odor could have effects on face perception: behavioral effects on subjective(More)
OBJECTIVES ENT surgeons are facing an ever-increasing demand to demonstrate their efficacy. The 22-item Sino-Nasal Outcome Test (SNOT-22) is a fully validated and easy-to-use outcome measure in rhinology. Our goal was to translate and validate the SNOT-22 in a cohort of 422 French-speaking subjects. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS The French version of(More)
GOALS To give an overview on the theoretical and practical applications of chemosensory event-related potentials. METHODS Chemosensory event-related potentials (ERPs) may be elicited by brief and precisely defined odorous stimuli. Based on the principles of air-dilution olfactometry, a stimulator was developed in the late 1970s, which allows stimulation(More)
OBJECTIVES Post-traumatic olfactory loss (PTOL) is the third most common aetiology for olfactory disorders. Mechanisms that lead to post-traumatic olfactory disorders include sinonasal affections, damage to the olfactory nerve and lesions of the cerebral olfactory centres. The purpose of this review is to present an update of this condition and to present a(More)
Juvenile angiofibroma (JNA) is a rare benign but locally aggressive tumour of the nasopharynx that primarily occurs in adolescent males. We report a series of 6 consecutive cases operated by exclusive endoscopic approach between from March 1996 and June 2003. All were male. The mean age was 17.2 years old (range: 11-23 years). The tumour involved the(More)
Primary ciliary dyskinesia is a rare autosomal recessive disorder of which 50% with situs inversus Kartagener's syndrome. Secondary ciliary dyskinesia is a frequent observation, mostly in association with or after respiratory tract infections. Diagnosis and differential diagnosis are mostly based on the typical clinical picture, the absence of mucociliary(More)