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The appearance of vertebrate species that reproduce without genetic recombination has been explained by their origin from a rare hybridization event between members of two distantly related species. For the first recognized vertebrate unisexual, the Amazon molly Poecilia formosa, mostly morphological and biochemical genetic information has been available so(More)
The Xmrk oncogene involved in melanoma formation in the fish Xiphophorus was formed relatively recently by duplication of the epidermal growth factor co-orthologue egfrb. In the platyfish X. maculatus, Xmrk is located close to the major sex-determining locus in a subtelomeric region of the X and Y sex chromosomes that frequently undergoes duplications and(More)
Forces play a key role in a wide range of biological phenomena from single-protein conformational dynamics to transcription and cell division, to name a few. The majority of existing microbiological force application methods can be divided into two categories: those that can apply relatively high forces through the use of a physical connection to a probe(More)
Melanoma is a tumor with a very low cure rate once metastasized. Although many genes important for melanoma induction, transformation, and metastasis have been identified, the process of melanomagenesis is only partly understood. Melanoma mediators are easiest to investigate in cell culture models, but animal models are required to evaluate their importance(More)
Aberrations in gene expression are a hallmark of cancer cells. Differential tumor-specific transcript levels of single genes or whole sets of genes may be critical for the neoplastic phenotype and important for therapeutic considerations or useful as biomarkers. As an approach to filter out such relevant expression differences from the plethora of changes(More)
The microphthalmia-associated transcription factor (MITF) exists in at least four isoforms. These are generated in higher vertebrates using alternative 5' exons and promoters from a single gene. Two separate genes (mitf-m and mitf-b), however, are present in different teleost fish species including the poeciliid Xiphophorus, the pufferfishes Fugu rubripes(More)
The open reading frame in the first intron of the mitochondrial gene encoding subunit I of cytochrome c oxidase encodes a maturase and stimulates homologous recombination in Escherichia coli. In this paper, we demonstrate that this intron is mobile in crosses, indicating that it also encodes an endonuclease. This is the first report on an intron which(More)
Over the past decade, high resolution images from the Hubble Space telescope of a variety of astrophysical objects, including planetary nebulae and Herbig-Haro (HH) objects, have revealed complex, chaotic, evolving morphologies of bow shocks, knots, and filamentary structure. In the case of HH flows, measurements of knot proper motion typically indicate(More)
We have designed and produced hot, millimeter-scale, high-Z plasmas of interest for National Ignition Facility hohlraum target design. Using a high-Z gas fill produces electron temperatures in the 3.5-6-keV range, the highest temperatures measured to date for high-density (10(21) e/cm(3)) laser-heated plasmas, and much higher than the 3 keV found for low-Z(More)
Trinucleotide repeats in several human genes have been found to undergo spontaneous variation in repeat numbers in succeeding generations. Expansion of the repeat beyond a certain length causes specific pathological disorders. So far, a naturally occurring triplet repeat instability of transcribed sequences has been reported only from humans. However, the(More)