Brigitta A. Vcelar

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To determine the protective potential of the humoral immune response against HIV-1 in vivo we evaluated the potency of three neutralizing antibodies (2G12, 2F5 and 4E10) in suppressing viral rebound in six acutely and eight chronically HIV-1-infected individuals undergoing interruption of antiretroviral treatment (ART). Only two of eight chronically(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the safety, immunogenicity and pharmacokinetics of two intravenously administered human monoclonal antibodies (hMAb 2F5, 2G12) against HIV-1 in humans. DESIGN Open label clinical phase I trial. SETTING Primary institutional care. PATIENTS Seven HIV-1-infected healthy volunteers with > or = 500 x 10(6)CD4 cells/l and < or = 10,000(More)
Definition of antibody (Ab) functions capable of preventing mucosal HIV transmission may be critical to both effective vaccine development and the prophylactic use of monoclonal Abs. Although direct antibody-mediated neutralization is highly effective against cell-free virus, increasing evidence suggests an important role for immunoglobulin G (IgG) Fcγ(More)
OBJECTIVES To study the safety, immunogenicity and pharmacokinetics of the human monoclonal antibody (hMAb) 4E10 alone and in combination with the hMAbs 2F5 and 2G12 in HIV-1-infected persons. MATERIALS AND METHODS Eight healthy volunteers with > or =350 CD4 cells/mm3 and < or =100 000 HIV-1 RNA copies/mL were enrolled, seven finished the study. A single(More)
BACKGROUND The broadly neutralizing recombinant human HIV-1 antibodies 4E10, 2F5 and Igh1b12 are reported to have autoreactive potential, which is significant for HIV-1 vaccine development and passive immunotherapy using these antibodies. OBJECTIVE To investigate the clinical relevance of these findings in subjects receiving passive immunotherapy with(More)
As the AIDS epidemic continues unabated, the development of a human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) vaccine is critical. Ideally, an effective vaccine should elicit cell-mediated and neutralizing humoral immune responses. We have determined the in vitro susceptibility profile of sexually transmitted viruses from 91 patients with acute and early HIV-1 infection(More)
While certain antibodies directed against the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) envelope have the potential to suppress virus replication in vitro, the impact of neutralizing antibodies in vivo remains unclear. In a recent proof-of-concept study, the broadly neutralizing monoclonal antibodies 2G12, 4E10, and 2F5 exhibited inhibitory activities in vivo, as(More)
BACKGROUND The human monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) 2F5 and 2G12 were identified to be two of the most potent neutralizing antibodies against HIV-1. In a first human study they have been shown to be safe after repeated intravenous infusions to asymptomatic HIV-1-infected individuals. However, the antiviral effects of antibody treatment have not been fully(More)
Three neutralizing monoclonal antibodies (MAbs), 2G12, 2F5, and 4E10, with activity in vitro and in vivo were administered in an open-label, nonrandomized, proof-of-concept study to attempt to prevent viral rebound after interruption of antiretroviral therapy (ART). Ten human immunodeficiency virus type 1-infected individuals identified and treated with ART(More)
Curcumin's instability and its metabolite, tetrahydrocurcumin (THC) pose a major issue for the establishment of dependable pharmacokinetics and excretion profiles. Additional pharmacokinetic variances are associated with durations of intravenous infusions. We found that stabilizing curcumin with phosphoric acid allows accurate quantitative determinations of(More)