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OBJECTIVES To study the safety, immunogenicity and pharmacokinetics of the human monoclonal antibody (hMAb) 4E10 alone and in combination with the hMAbs 2F5 and 2G12 in HIV-1-infected persons. MATERIALS AND METHODS Eight healthy volunteers with > or =350 CD4 cells/mm3 and < or =100 000 HIV-1 RNA copies/mL were enrolled, seven finished the study. A single(More)
To determine the protective potential of the humoral immune response against HIV-1 in vivo we evaluated the potency of three neutralizing antibodies (2G12, 2F5 and 4E10) in suppressing viral rebound in six acutely and eight chronically HIV-1-infected individuals undergoing interruption of antiretroviral treatment (ART). Only two of eight chronically(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the safety, immunogenicity and pharmacokinetics of two intravenously administered human monoclonal antibodies (hMAb 2F5, 2G12) against HIV-1 in humans. DESIGN Open label clinical phase I trial. SETTING Primary institutional care. PATIENTS Seven HIV-1-infected healthy volunteers with > or = 500 x 10(6)CD4 cells/l and < or = 10,000(More)
Although plant biotechnology has been widely investigated for the production of clinical-grade monoclonal antibodies, no antibody products derived from transgenic plants have yet been approved by pharmaceutical regulators for clinical testing. In the Pharma-Planta project, the HIV-neutralizing human monoclonal antibody 2G12 was expressed in transgenic(More)
PURPOSE To test the hypothesis that a carbamylated EPO-FC fusion protein (cEPO-FC) or recombinant human erythropoietin (rhEPO) would protect against kidney ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury in pigs with atherosclerosis. METHODS Anesthetized and mechanically ventilated animals received cEPO-FC (50 μg kg(-1)), rhEPO (5,000 IU kg(-1)), or vehicle (n = 9 per(More)
As the AIDS epidemic continues unabated, the development of a human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) vaccine is critical. Ideally, an effective vaccine should elicit cell-mediated and neutralizing humoral immune responses. We have determined the in vitro susceptibility profile of sexually transmitted viruses from 91 patients with acute and early HIV-1 infection(More)
Erythropoietin (EPO) enhances formation of red blood cells and also affects thrombopoiesis and platelet function. We hypothesized that the effect of EPO may be reflected by changes in thromboxane B2 (TXB2) and endothelial cell function. Six male and six female subjects received recombinant human epoetin alpha (Erypo®) intravenously (300 U/kg). Biomarker(More)
Curcumin's instability and its metabolite, tetrahydrocurcumin (THC) pose a major issue for the establishment of dependable pharmacokinetics and excretion profiles. Additional pharmacokinetic variances are associated with durations of intravenous infusions. We found that stabilizing curcumin with phosphoric acid allows accurate quantitative determinations of(More)
Three neutralizing monoclonal antibodies (MAbs), 2G12, 2F5, and 4E10, with activity in vitro and in vivo were administered in an open-label, nonrandomized, proof-of-concept study to attempt to prevent viral rebound after interruption of antiretroviral therapy (ART). Ten human immunodeficiency virus type 1-infected individuals identified and treated with ART(More)
While certain antibodies directed against the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) envelope have the potential to suppress virus replication in vitro, the impact of neutralizing antibodies in vivo remains unclear. In a recent proof-of-concept study, the broadly neutralizing monoclonal antibodies 2G12, 4E10, and 2F5 exhibited inhibitory activities in vivo, as(More)