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The complete 108,845-nucleotide sequence of catabolic plasmid pADP-1 from Pseudomonas sp. strain ADP was determined. Plasmid pADP-1 was previously shown to encode AtzA, AtzB, and AtzC, which catalyze the sequential hydrolytic removal of s-triazine ring substituents from the herbicide atrazine to yield cyanuric acid. Computational analyses indicated that(More)
Pseudomonas strain ADP metabolizes the herbicide atrazine via three enzymatic steps, encoded by the genes atzABC, to yield cyanuric acid, a nitrogen source for many bacteria. Here, we show that five geographically distinct atrazine-degrading bacteria contain genes homologous to atzA, -B, and -C. The sequence identities of the atz genes from different(More)
Chicken ovalbumin upstream promoter transcription factor (COUP-TF)-interacting protein 2 (CTIP2), also known as Bcl11b, is a transcriptional repressor that functions by direct, sequence-specific DNA binding activity or by recruitment to the promoter template by interaction with COUP-TF family members. CTIP2 is essential for both T cell development and(More)
s-Triazine ring compounds are common industrial chemicals: pesticides, resin intermediates, dyes, and explosives. The fate of these compounds in the environment is directly correlated with the ability of microbes to metabolize them. Microbes metabolize melamine and the triazine herbicides such as atrazine via enzyme-catalyzed hydrolysis reactions.(More)
We examined the role of several amino acid residues located at the N-terminus of the tobacco etch potyvirus (TEV) helper component-proteinase (HC-Pro) in virus transmissibility by aphids. Site-directed mutagenesis resulted in changes affecting amino acids that appear highly conserved among a number of potyviruses. The TEV HC-Pro amino acid residues Gly343,(More)
ABSTRACT The aphid transmission properties of a pepper isolate of potato virus Y belonging to the pathotype 1-2 (PVY 1-2) have been characterized. PVY 1-2 was not transmitted in plant-to-plant experiments, although purified virus particles were efficiently transmitted when supplemented with heterologous helper component (HC) of the transmissible isolate PVY(More)
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