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To understand whether the spatial organization of the genome reflects the cell's differentiated state, we examined whether genes assume specific subnuclear positions during Caenorhabditis elegans development. Monitoring the radial position of developmentally controlled promoters in embryos and larval tissues, we found that small integrated arrays bearing(More)
DNA replication fork stalling poses a major threat to genome stability. This is counteracted in part by the intra-S phase checkpoint, which stabilizes arrested replication machinery, prevents cell-cycle progression and promotes DNA repair. The checkpoint kinase Mec1/ATR and RecQ helicase Sgs1/BLM contribute synergistically to fork maintenance on hydroxyurea(More)
During S phase, eukaryotic cells unwind and duplicate a tremendous amount of DNA, generating structures that are very sensitive to both endogenous and exogenous insults. The collision of DNA polymerases with damaged DNA or other obstructions to fork progression generates replication stress, which can evolve into fork collapse if the replisome components are(More)
BACKGROUND In worms, as in other organisms, many tissue-specific promoters are sequestered at the nuclear periphery when repressed and shift inward when activated. It has remained unresolved, however, whether the association of facultative heterochromatin with the nuclear periphery, or its release, has functional relevance for cell or tissue integrity. (More)
Dun1p and Rad53p of the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae are members of a conserved family of cell cycle checkpoint protein kinases that contain forkhead-associated (FHA) domains. Here, we demonstrate that these FHA domains contain 130-140 residues, and are thus considerably larger than previously predicted by sequence comparisons (55-75 residues). In(More)
Forkhead-associated (FHA) domains are present in >200 diverse proteins in all phyla from bacteria to mammals and seem to be particularly prevalent in proteins with cell cycle control functions. Recent work from several laboratories has considerably improved our understanding of the structure and function of these domains that were virtually unknown a few(More)
The yeast Dun1 kinase has complex checkpoint functions including DNA damage-dependent cell cycle arrest in G(2)/M, transcriptional induction of repair genes, and regulation of postreplicative DNA repair pathways. Here we report that the Dun1 forkhead-associated domain interacts with the Pan3 subunit of the poly(A)-nuclease complex and that dun1pan2 and(More)
In budding yeast the evolutionarily conserved checkpoint response varies in its sensitivity to DNA damaging agents through the cell cycle. Specifically, higher amounts of damage are needed to activate the downstream checkpoint kinase Rad53 in S-phase cells. We examined here whether phosphorylation of Rad53 itself by cell cycle-dedicated kinases regulates(More)
Methylation of histone H3 lysine 79 (H3K79) by Dot1 is highly conserved among species and has been associated with both gene repression and activation. To eliminate indirect effects and examine the direct consequences of Dot1 binding and H3K79 methylation, we investigated the effects of targeting Dot1 to different positions in the yeast genome. Targeting(More)