Bridget Vesosky

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IL-10 is a potent immunomodulatory cytokine that affects innate and acquired immune responses. The immunological consequences of IL-10 production during pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) are currently unknown, although IL-10 has been implicated in reactivation TB in humans and with TB disease in mice. Using Mycobacterium tuberculosis-susceptible CBA/J mice, we(More)
Numerous immunological defects begin to emerge as an individual ages, the consequence of which is heightened susceptibility to infectious diseases. Despite this decline in immune function, old mice display an early transient resistance to Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection in the lung, which is dependent on CD8 T cells and gamma interferon (IFN-gamma)(More)
Current diagnostic tests for tuberculosis (TB) are not able to distinguish active disease from latent Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection, nor are they able to quantify the risk of a latently infected person progressing to active TB. There is interest, however, in adapting antigen-specific gamma interferon (IFN-gamma) release assays (IGRAs) to predict(More)
The elderly are particularly susceptible to infectious diseases such as influenza, bacterial pneumonia, and tuberculosis. Current vaccines are only partially protective in old age, which makes the elderly a critical target group for the development of new vaccine strategies. The recognition of pathogens via toll like receptors (TLR) and the subsequent(More)
In young mice exposed to aerosol infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis removal of the gammadelta T cell population by targeted gene disruption does not affect the expression of host resistance, but does influence the integrity of the early granulomatous response. The current study demonstrates that in aged gammadelta T cell gene disrupted mice similar(More)
The lungs of naïve 18-month-old mice contain an abundant resident population of CD8 T cells that express typical markers of memory, express elevated levels of Th1 cytokine receptors on their surface, and are capable of non-specific IFN-gamma production in response to a Th1 cytokine cocktail. In this study we characterize this population of CD8 T cells in(More)
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