Bridget Twohig

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Recent studies indicate that polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs) infiltrate the intestinal mucosa during ischemia and after reperfusion. To determine whether PMNs mediate the increased microvascular permeability produced by ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) we treated cats with either saline, antineutrophil serum (ANS), or a monoclonal antibody specific for the(More)
Ethanol-induced gastric mucosal injury closely resembles an inflammatory response. Thus, in vivo and in vitro experimental models were used to assess whether ethanol is proinflammatory in concentrations likely to be encountered by the gastric mucosa during acute intoxication. Perfusing the rat gastric lumen with progressively increasing concentrations of(More)
In Japan, the continuation of critical care at the end of life is a common practice due to the threat of legal action against physicians that may choose a palliative care approach. This is beginning to change due to public debate related to a series of controversial incidents concerning end-of-life care over the last decade. In this review we contrast and(More)
OBJECTIVES To examine the apparent purpose of interruptions in a Pediatric Intensive Care Unit and opportunities to reduce their burden with informatics solutions. MATERIALS AND METHODS In this prospective observational study, researchers shadowed clinicians in the unit for one hour at a time, recording all interruptions participating clinicians(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine a novel mixed-methods approach for studying patterns of clinical communication that could inform future informatics solutions, with a specific focus on handoff within interdisciplinary teams. MATERIALS AND METHODS Researchers observed, recorded, and transcribed verbal handoff discussions of different members of critical care teams.(More)
Rats were pretreated with aspirin (5 mg/kg i.p. 5 days) or saline, anaesthetized with pentobarbitone, and blood pressure recorded from the carotid artery. Clonidine (30 micrograms/kg) was injected intravenously via a cannula inserted into the femoral vein. Aspirin pretreatment significantly reduced the hypotensive effect of clonidine. Spleen, heart brain,(More)
An immunisation schedule is described that reproducibly induces long latent period skin sensitising antibody (immunoglobulin) in calves by a combined oral/parenteral route. This response is only directed towards the protein component of the antigen and is boosted upon challenge injection.
The experience of critical care is stressful for both patients and their families. This is especially true when patients are not able to make their own care decisions. This article details the creation of a Family Experience Survey in a surgical intensive care unit (SICU) to capture and improve overall experience. Kolcaba's "Enhanced Comfort Theory"(More)
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