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The dentate gyrus, an important anatomic structure of the hippocampal formation, is one of the major areas in which neurogenesis takes place in the adult mammalian brain. Neurogenesis in the dentate gyrus is thought to play an important role in hippocampus-dependent learning and memory. Neurogenesis has been reported to be increased in the dentate gyrus of(More)
During mammalian central nervous system (CNS) development, contact-mediated activation of Notch1 receptors on oligodendrocyte precursors by the ligand Jagged1 induces Hes5, which inhibits maturation of these cells. Here we tested whether the Notch pathway is re-expressed in the adult CNS in multiple sclerosis (MS), an inflammatory demyelinating disease in(More)
We have determined that the gene for human microtubule-associated protein 2 (MAP-2) spans 19 exons, including 6 exons identified in this study, 1-4, 8, and 13; all six of these exons are transcribed. The alternative splicing of coding exons generates a greater diversity of MAP-2 transcripts and isoforms. The first three exons encode alternate 5'(More)
cDNA clones coding for the regulatory subunit (RII beta) of type II cAMP-dependent protein kinase were isolated from a bovine brain cDNA expression library in lambda gt11. The cDNA codes for a protein of 418 amino acids which is 98% homologous to the rat and human RII beta proteins. A series of expression vectors coding for truncated RII beta proteins were(More)
Microtubule-associated protein 2 (MAP-2) isoforms are developmentally expressed in the nervous system and contain a number of functional domains. Adjacent to the first repeat of the microtubule-binding domain is an RTPPKSP motif for binding SH3 domains. To identify SH3-containing proteins that interact with MAP-2, transfections, filter overlay assays,(More)
Microtubule-associated protein 2 (MAP2) binds, and is a substrate for, type II cAMP-dependent protein kinase. The structural domain in MAP2 that binds the regulatory subunit (RII) of protein kinase II was identified by expressing fragments of a human MAP2 cDNA in E. coli using the pATH11 vector. Fusion proteins were resolved by SDS-PAGE and transferred to(More)
Microtubule-associated protein-2 (MAP-2) is a prominent cytoskeletal protein in the mammalian nervous system. Two high-molecular-weight (HMW) MAP-2 isoforms, MAP-2a and MAP-2b, are developmentally regulated. MAP-2b is expressed through the life of the neuron, while MAP-2a expression coincides with the time of synaptic formation. MAP-2a and MAP-2b differ in(More)
Astrocytes, together with microglia and macrophages, participate in innate inflammatory responses in the CNS. Although inflammatory mediators such as interferons generated by astrocytes may be critical in the defense of the CNS, sustained unopposed cytokine signaling could result in harmful consequences. Interferon regulatory factor 3 (IRF3) is a(More)
Microtubule-associated protein-2 (MAP-2) functions to maintain neuronal morphology by promoting the assembly of microtubules. MAP-2c is an alternately spliced form of MAP-2, containing the first 151 amino acids of high-molecular-weight (HMW) MAP-2 joined to the last 321 amino acids, eliminating 1,352 amino acids specific to HMW MAP-2. A polyclonal antibody(More)
Axl is a receptor tyrosine kinase implicated in cell survival following growth factor withdrawal and other stressors. The binding of Axl's ligand, growth arrest-specific protein 6 (Gas6), results in Axl autophosphorylation, recruitment of signaling molecules, and activation of downstream survival pathways. Pull-down assays and immunoprecipitations using(More)