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The dentate gyrus, an important anatomic structure of the hippocampal formation, is one of the major areas in which neurogenesis takes place in the adult mammalian brain. Neurogenesis in the dentate gyrus is thought to play an important role in hippocampus-dependent learning and memory. Neurogenesis has been reported to be increased in the dentate gyrus of(More)
We have determined that the gene for human microtubule-associated protein 2 (MAP-2) spans 19 exons, including 6 exons identified in this study, 1-4, 8, and 13; all six of these exons are transcribed. The alternative splicing of coding exons generates a greater diversity of MAP-2 transcripts and isoforms. The first three exons encode alternate 5'(More)
During mammalian central nervous system (CNS) development, contact-mediated activation of Notch1 receptors on oligodendrocyte precursors by the ligand Jagged1 induces Hes5, which inhibits maturation of these cells. Here we tested whether the Notch pathway is re-expressed in the adult CNS in multiple sclerosis (MS), an inflammatory demyelinating disease in(More)
The MAP-2 isoform containing exon 13 (MAP-2e) is expressed in human fetal development as early as 15 gestational weeks and parallels oligodendrocyte maturation. MAP-2e is down-regulated following myelination and is expressed in few cells in the adult central nervous system (CNS). To determine whether CNS tumors express MAP-2e, we screened 122 archival,(More)
We have identified a developmentally regulated, oligodendrocyte-specific protein, designated microtubule-associated protein-2 expressing exon 13 (MAP-2+13), in the human central nervous system (CNS). Monoclonal antibodies directed against MAP-2+13 labeled oligodendrocytes in the white matter of human fetal spinal cord. Double-label immunofluorescence and(More)
KpnI restriction of DNAs from all anthropoid primates studied releases a conspicuous series of segments representing families of long, interspersed repetitive DNAs termed here the KpnI 1.2, 1.5, 1.8 and 1.9 kb families. Human KpnI 1.2 to 1.9 kb segments representative of these families were isolated and separately cloned in the KpnI site of a plasmid pBK5,(More)
Growth arrest-specific protein 6 (gas6) activity is mediated through the receptor tyrosine kinase family members Axl, Rse, and Mer, all of which are expressed in human oligodendrocytes. In this study, we examined whether recombinant human (rh) gas6 protects oligodendrocytes from growth factor (insulin) withdrawal or tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFalpha)(More)
Microtubules and their associated proteins play a prominent role in many physiological and morphological aspects of brain function. Abnormal deposition of the microtubule-associated proteins (MAPs), MAP2 and tau, is a prominent aspect of Alzheimer's disease. MAP2 and tau are heat-stable phosphoproteins subject to high rates of(More)
Survivin inhibits apoptosis during development and carcinogenesis and is absent in differentiated cells. To determine whether survivin inhibition induces cell death in neural tumor cells, survivin antisense oligonucleotides (SAO) were administered to a human neuroblastoma (MSN) and an oligodendroglioma (TC620) resulting in a dose-dependent reduction in(More)
Microtubule-associated protein 2 (MAP-2) is an abundant component of the cytoskeleton present in dendrites and cell bodies of neurons of the CNS. To examine the biological function of MAP-2, two MAP-2 antisense (AS) oligonucleotides complementary to the 5' region of the rat MAP-2 cDNA were added to rat primary embryonic day 17-18 (E17-18) cultured cortical(More)