Bridget Shafit-Zagardo

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The dentate gyrus, an important anatomic structure of the hippocampal formation, is one of the major areas in which neurogenesis takes place in the adult mammalian brain. Neurogenesis in the dentate gyrus is thought to play an important role in hippocampus-dependent learning and memory. Neurogenesis has been reported to be increased in the dentate gyrus of(More)
Survivin inhibits apoptosis during development and carcinogenesis and is absent in differentiated cells. To determine whether survivin inhibition induces cell death in neural tumor cells, survivin antisense oligonucleotides (SAO) were administered to a human neuroblastoma (MSN) and an oligodendroglioma (TC620) resulting in a dose-dependent reduction in(More)
Microtubule-associated protein 2 (MAP2) binds, and is a substrate for, type II cAMP-dependent protein kinase. The structural domain in MAP2 that binds the regulatory subunit (RII) of protein kinase II was identified by expressing fragments of a human MAP2 cDNA in E. coli using the pATH11 vector. Fusion proteins were resolved by SDS-PAGE and transferred to(More)
Microtubule-associated protein-2 (MAP-2) functions to maintain neuronal morphology by promoting the assembly of microtubules. MAP-2c is an alternately spliced form of MAP-2, containing the first 151 amino acids of high-molecular-weight (HMW) MAP-2 joined to the last 321 amino acids, eliminating 1,352 amino acids specific to HMW MAP-2. A polyclonal antibody(More)
Microtubule-associated protein 2 (MAP-2) is an abundant component of the cytoskeleton present in dendrites and cell bodies of neurons of the CNS. To examine the biological function of MAP-2, two MAP-2 antisense (AS) oligonucleotides complementary to the 5' region of the rat MAP-2 cDNA were added to rat primary embryonic day 17-18 (E17-18) cultured cortical(More)
The MAP-2 isoform containing exon 13 (MAP-2e) is expressed in human fetal development as early as 15 gestational weeks and parallels oligodendrocyte maturation. MAP-2e is down-regulated following myelination and is expressed in few cells in the adult central nervous system (CNS). To determine whether CNS tumors express MAP-2e, we screened 122 archival,(More)
Axl is a receptor tyrosine kinase implicated in cell survival following growth factor withdrawal and other stressors. The binding of Axl's ligand, growth arrest-specific protein 6 (Gas6), results in Axl autophosphorylation, recruitment of signaling molecules, and activation of downstream survival pathways. Pull-down assays and immunoprecipitations using(More)
We have identified a developmentally regulated, oligodendrocyte-specific protein, designated microtubule-associated protein-2 expressing exon 13 (MAP-2+13), in the human central nervous system (CNS). Monoclonal antibodies directed against MAP-2+13 labeled oligodendrocytes in the white matter of human fetal spinal cord. Double-label immunofluorescence and(More)
HIV-1 encephalitis (HIVE) is characterized by infection of macrophages and microglial cells, diffuse gliosis, and damage to neuronal populations. The nature of the white matter damage in HIVE remains elusive, and little is known about the status of the oligodendrocyte in HIVE. We have recently described a novel isoform of microtubule-associated protein-2(More)
Microarray analysis revealed that transcripts for the Axl and Mer receptor tyrosine kinases are expressed at high levels in O4+-immunopanned oligodendrocytes isolated from second trimester human fetal spinal cord. In humans the sole known ligand for the Axl/Rse/Mer kinases is growth arrest-specific gene 6 (Gas6), which in the CNS is secreted by neurons and(More)