Bridget M Wilcken

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An international questionnaire survey has been conducted to define better the natural history of homocystinuria due to cystathionine beta-synthase deficiency and permit evaluation of treatment. Data were compiled for 629 patients. Among patients not discovered by newborn screening, B6-responsive individuals on the average have significantly better mental(More)
BACKGROUND The recent development of electrospray tandem mass spectrometry makes it possible to screen newborns for many rare inborn errors of metabolism, but the efficacy and outcomes of screening remain unknown. We examined the effect of the screening of newborns by tandem mass spectrometry on the rates of diagnosis of 31 disorders. METHODS We compared(More)
Tyrosine hydroxylase deficiency is an autosomal recessive disorder resulting from cerebral catecholamine deficiency. Tyrosine hydroxylase deficiency has been reported in fewer than 40 patients worldwide. To recapitulate all available evidence on clinical phenotypes and rational diagnostic and therapeutic approaches for this devastating, but treatable,(More)
Glutaryl-CoA dehydrogenase (GCDH) deficiency is an autosomal recessive disease with an estimated overall prevalence of 1 in 100 000 newborns. Biochemically, the disease is characterized by accumulation of glutaric acid, 3-hydroxyglutaric acid, glutaconic acid, and glutarylcarnitine, which can be detected by gas chromatography–mass spectrometry of organic(More)
Among 40 patients with homocystinuria due to cystathionine β-synthase deficiency diagnosed in the state of New South Wales, Australia (population 6 million) and followed long-term, there were 10 deaths at ages 2-30 years. Of these 8 were definite vascular deaths, one was a presumed vascular death, and the other was due to an accident and unrelated to(More)
OBJECTIVE Tandem mass spectrometry is widely applied to routine newborn screening but there are no long-term studies of outcome. We studied the clinical outcome at six years of age in Australia. METHODS In a cohort study, we analyzed the outcome at 6 years for patients detected by screening or by clinical diagnosis among >2 million infants born from 1994(More)
Glutaric aciduria type I (synonym, glutaric acidemia type I) is a rare organic aciduria. Untreated patients characteristically develop dystonia during infancy resulting in a high morbidity and mortality. The neuropathological correlate is striatal injury which results from encephalopathic crises precipitated by infectious diseases, immunizations and surgery(More)
BACKGROUND Medium-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (MCAD) deficiency is the disorder thought most to justify neonatal screening by tandem-mass spectrometry because, without screening, there seems to be substantial morbidity and mortality. Our aim was to assess the overall effectiveness of neonatal screening for MCAD deficiency in Australia. METHODS We(More)
Neonatal screening for medium-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (MCAD) deficiency has not yet been introduced in the UK, primarily because of uncertainty about the natural history of the disorder and concerns about the specificity of the screening test. To obtain data on these issues, we did a retrospective study in which we analysed the concentrations of(More)