Bridget Ferns

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Whole HIV-1 genome sequences are pivotal for large-scale studies of inter- and intrahost evolution, including the acquisition of drug resistance mutations. The ability to rapidly and cost-effectively generate large numbers of HIV-1 genome sequences from different populations and geographical locations and determine the effect of minority genetic variants(More)
Therapy for infection with HIV-2 remains limited. We report an HIV-2-infected patient in whom genotyping demonstrated PI, NRTI and NNRTI resistance, with a subsequent response to raltegravir- and maraviroc-based therapy. Further studies are required to assess the clinical efficacy of maraviroc in HIV-2 infection.
The evolutionary dynamics of RAL resistance in the HIV-2 virus were examined through population and clonal sequence analysis of the IN from baseline, during treatment, and after stopping RAL therapy. The treatment failure of an RAL regimen in the HIV-2 patient studied was associated with the emergence of mutations via the N155H resistance pathway and(More)
The expression of hepatitis B virus antigens was studied by double staining liver tissue with appropriate antisera and correlated with serum hepatitis B viral DNA and histology in 28 patients with disease related to chronic hepatitis B virus infection. The cellular localization of hepatitis B core and hepatitis B e antigens generally coincided, but there(More)
Two potent integrase inhibitors (IN-Is), raltegravir (RAL, MK-0518) and elvitegravir (EGV, GS-9137), have been shown to be potent inhibitors for HIV-1 and resistance mutations have been identified in HIV-1 clinical trials. In this study, sequences from 11 HIV-2 patients were examined for IN polymorphisms. The primary mutations associated with RAL and EGV(More)
Accurate HIV-2 plasma viral load quantification is crucial for adequate HIV-2 patient management and for the proper conduct of clinical trials and international cohort collaborations. This study compared the homogeneity of HIV-2 RNA quantification when using HIV-2 assays from ACHI(E)V(2E) study sites and either in-house PCR calibration standards or common(More)
Current knowledge on the expression of HBeAg in hepatocytes is incomplete because of difficulties in obtaining monospecific antisera devoid of anti-HBc reactivity. In this study, we have examined by immunofluorescence the expression of HBcAg and HBeAg in cryostat liver sections from 25 chronic carriers of HBsAg using monoclonal antibodies. Although(More)
MOTIVATION An accurate genome assembly from short read sequencing data is critical for downstream analysis, for example allowing investigation of variants within a sequenced population. However, assembling sequencing data from virus samples, especially RNA viruses, into a genome sequence is challenging due to the combination of viral population diversity(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus type 2 (HIV-2) RNA quantification assays used in nine laboratories of the ACHI(E)V(2E) (A Collaboration on HIV-2 Infection) study group were evaluated. In a blinded experimental design, laboratories quantified three series of aliquots of an HIV-2 subtype A strain, each at a different theoretical viral load. Quantification varied(More)