Bridget F Collins

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Introduction Rheumatoid arthritis is a systemic inflammatory disorder that most commonly affects the joints, causing progressive, symmetric, erosive destruction of cartilage and bone, which is usually associated with autoantibody production. Rheumatoid arthritis affects ∼1% of the population in developed countries. The incidence and prevalence of rheumatoid(More)
BACKGROUND Most patients with a clinical diagnosis of COPD have not had spirometry to confirm airflow obstruction (AFO). Overweight and obese patients report more dyspnea than normal weight patients, which may be falsely attributed to AFO. We sought to determine whether overweight and obese patients who received a clinical diagnosis of COPD were more likely(More)
BACKGROUND Thiazolidinediones (TZDs) are oral antihyperglycemic medications that are selective agonists to peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma and have been shown to have potent anti-inflammatory effects in the lung. OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to assess whether exposure to TZDs is associated with a decreased risk of chronic(More)
BACKGROUND Despite guideline recommendations, patients suspected of having COPD often are treated empirically instead of undergoing spirometry to confirm airflow obstruction (AFO). Accurate diagnosis and treatment are essential to provide high-quality, value-oriented care. We sought to identify predictors associated with AFO among patients with and treated(More)
BACKGROUND Thiazolidinediones are oral diabetes medications that selectively activate peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma and have potent anti-inflammatory properties. While a few studies have found improvements in pulmonary function with exposure to thiazolidinediones, there are no studies of their impact on asthma exacerbations. Our objective(More)
We sought to assess whether laparoscopic anti-reflux surgery (LARS) is associated with decreased rates of disease progression in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF).The study was a retrospective single-centre study of IPF patients with worsening symptoms and pulmonary function despite antacid treatment for abnormal acid gastro-oesophageal(More)
RATIONALE Interstitial lung disease (ILD) is a heterogeneous group of acute and chronic inflammatory and fibrotic lung diseases. Existing ILD registries have had variable findings. Little is known about the clinical profile of ILDs in India. OBJECTIVES To characterize new-onset ILDs in India by creating a prospective ILD using multidisciplinary discussion(More)
BACKGROUND Some patients with autoimmune characteristics and idiopathic interstitial pneumonia, particularly usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP), do not fit neatly into the category of connective tissue disease-associated interstitial lung disease (CTD-ILD), idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), or recently proposed yet to be validated criteria for(More)