Brice Sperandio

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The enteropathogen Shigella flexneri invades epithelial cells, leading to inflammation and tissue destruction. We report that Shigella infection of epithelial cells induces an early genotoxic stress, but the resulting p53 response and cell death are impaired due to the bacterium's ability to promote p53 degradation, mainly through calpain protease(More)
Adhesion of Helicobacter pylori to the gastric mucosa is a necessary prerequisite for the pathogenesis of H. pylori-related diseases. In this study, we investigated the GalNAcβ1-4GlcNAc motif (also known as N,N'-diacetyllactosediamine [lacdiNAc]) carried by MUC5AC gastric mucins as the target for bacterial binding to the human gastric mucosa. The expression(More)
Antimicrobial factors are efficient defense components of the innate immunity, playing a crucial role in the intestinal homeostasis and protection against pathogens. In this study, we report that upon infection of polarized human intestinal cells in vitro, virulent Shigella flexneri suppress transcription of several genes encoding antimicrobial cationic(More)
Mucin glycoproteins are secreted in large amounts by the intestinal epithelium and constitute an efficient component of innate immune defenses to promote homeostasis and protect against enteric pathogens. In this study, our objective was to investigate how the bacterial enteropathogen Shigella flexneri, which causes bacillary dysentery, copes with the mucin(More)
The innate immune system has evolved since millions of years under a selective pressure. Among the different host mechanisms selected and conserved as a first line of defense, the gastrointestinal mucus layer constitutes an efficient physical and chemical barrier against invading microbes. Mucin glycoproteins and antimicrobial peptides are the major(More)
Antimicrobial peptides (AMP) are defense effectors of the innate immunity playing a crucial role in the intestinal homeostasis with commensals and protection against pathogens. Herein we aimed to investigate AMP gene regulation by deciphering specific characteristics allowing their enhanced expression among innate immune genes, particularly those encoding(More)
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