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BACKGROUND Current conventional vaccination approaches do not induce potent CD8 T-cell responses for fighting mostly variable viral diseases such as influenza, avian influenza viruses or HIV. Following our recent study on vaccine penetration by targeting of vaccine to human hair follicular ducts surrounded by Langerhans cells, we tested in the first(More)
Immunization concepts evolve with increasing knowledge of how the immune system works and the development of new vaccination methods. Traditional vaccines are made of live, attenuated, killed or fragmented pathogens. New vaccine strategies can take advantage of particulate compounds--microspheres or nanoparticles--to target antigen-presenting cells better,(More)
Upon antigenic stimulation, establishment of adaptive immune responses that determines vaccine efficacy is dependent on efficient T cell priming. Here, single CX3CL1-Ig DNA administration, a unique ligand of CX3CR1, together with viral or tumor antigens induced a strong in vivo antigen-specific T cell proliferation and effector function that was enough(More)
Particle-based drug delivery systems target active compounds to the hair follicle and may result in a better penetration and higher efficiency of compound uptake by skin resident cells. As previously proposed, such delivery systems could be important tools for vaccine delivery. In this study, we investigated the penetration of solid fluorescent 40 or 200 nm(More)
Different primings with DNA and fowlpox virus (FP) recombinants or FP alone were used in a pre-clinical trial to evaluate and compare immunogenicity and efficacy against HIV/SHIV. Three immunization regimens were tested in three groups of mice in which the SIV gag/pol and HIV-1 env transgenes were separately expressed by DNA and FP vectors, followed by(More)
Induction of T cell responses has become one of the major goals in therapeutic vaccination against viral diseases and cancer. The use of the skin as target organ for vaccine has been spurred by recent implication of epithelial dendritic cells in CD8 cell cross-priming and suggests that vaccination via the transcutaneous (TC) route may be relevant in the(More)
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