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The authors hypothesized that the progesterone component of some hormone replacement therapies in women is detrimental to cognition. A previous study showed that ovariectomy (ovx) in aged rats enhanced spatial working memory and decreased elevated progesterone levels. The current study evaluated whether progesterone administration counteracts these(More)
The current study investigated whether, for spatial reference memory, age impacts (1) sensitivity to surgical ovarian hormone loss (Ovx), (2) response to estradiol therapy (ET), and (3) the relation between circulating estradiol levels and memory scores in ovary-intact sham and Ovx plus ET rats. Young, middle-aged and aged Fischer-344 rats received sham,(More)
The loss of nerve growth factor (NGF) and its high affinity receptor TrkA has been implicated in the loss of cholinergic tone and function in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and normal aging. We employed an animal model of aging, the aged rat, which also exhibits memory loss and NGF alterations. Basal forebrain TrkA levels increased after injection of NGF in the(More)
RATIONALE Degeneration of basal forebrain cholinergic neurons (BFCNs) plays an important role in aging and Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathology. This degeneration may be a result of disrupted nerve growth factor (NGF) signaling. Aged rats have memory deficits, BFCN degeneration, and disrupted NGF signaling. OBJECTIVE In this study we identify a rapid NGF(More)
1. The anticonvulsant and behavioural effects of the glycine/NMDA receptor partial agonist, L-687,414 (R(+)-cis-beta-methyl-3-amino-1-hydroxypyrrolid-2-one) have been investigated in rodents. 2. L-687,414 dose-dependently antagonized seizures induced by N-methyl-D,L- aspartic acid (NMDLA, ED50 = 19.7 mg kg-1), pentylenetetrazol (PTZ, ED50 = 13.0 mg kg-1)(More)
The characteristics of [3H]neurotensin binding were studied using membranes prepared from the rat brain. Binding of [3H]neurotensin was found to be specific, saturable and reversible. Under the conditions of the assay non-specific binding represented less than 20% of the total binding at a radioligand concentration of 2 nM. The specific [3H]neurotensin(More)
The etiology of Alzheimer's disease (AD) is still unknown. In addition, this terrible neurodegenerative disease will increase exponentially over the next two decades due to longer lifespan and an aging "baby-boomer" generation. All treatments currently approved for AD have moderate efficacy in slowing the rate of cognitive decline in patients, and no(More)
A 15-year-old girl presented to our emergency department with dizziness, anorexia, nausea, and malaise. Clinical examination and magnetic resonance imaging studies showed characteristic features of multiple sclerosis. Surprisingly, a diagnostic lumbar puncture showed significant intracranial hypertension in addition to numerous oligoclonal bands, elevated(More)
Behavioural responses to tachykinins were observed following intracisternal administration in mice. The synthetic NK-3 agonists senktide and L-363,851 caused behaviour typically associated with serotonergic stimulation, including head twitches, reciprocal forepaw treading and hindlimb splaying. Neurokinin B produced some features of the serotonin (5-HT)(More)
Intracellular recordings were made from antidromically identified pectoral fin motoneurons in unanesthetized, decerebrate stingrays (Dasyatis sabina). These recordings had the three all-or-none components seen in other vertebrate motoneuron recordings. About 25% of the impalements had resting membrane potentials that were greater than -80 mV, which is(More)